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Peptoid nanosheets at the oil-water interface

September 5, 2014 10:46 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

From the people who brought us peptoid nanosheets that form at the interface between air and water, now come peptoid nanosheets that form at the interface between oil and water. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed peptoid nanosheets - two-dimensional biomimetic materials with customizable properties....

The future of ultrascale computing under study

September 5, 2014 10:37 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Ultrascale systems combine the advantages of distributed and parallel computing systems. The former is a type of computing in which many tasks are executed at the same time coordinately to solve one problem, based on the principle that a big problem can be divided into many smaller ones that are simultaneously solved....

Harvard & Cornell researchers develop untethered, autonomous soft robot

September 5, 2014 10:33 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Imagine a non-rigid, shape-changing robot that walks on four "legs," can operate without the constraints of a tether, and can function in a snowstorm, move through puddles of water, and even withstand limited exposure to flames. Harvard advanced materials chemist George Whitesides, PhD and colleagues describe the mobile, autonomous robot they have created in Soft Robotics....

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Atomically thin material opens door for integrated nanophotonic circuits

September 5, 2014 10:29 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A new combination of materials can efficiently guide electricity and light along the same tiny wire, a finding that could be a step towards building computer chips capable of transporting digital information at the speed of light. Reporting today in The Optical Society's (OSA) high-impact journal Optica, optical and material scientists at the University of Rochester and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich....

2-D or 3-D? That is the question

September 5, 2014 9:06 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The increased visual realism of 3-D films is believed to offer viewers a more vivid and lifelike experience—more thrilling and intense than 2-D because it more closely approximates real life. However, psychology researchers at the University of Utah, among those who use film clips routinely in the lab to study patients' emotional conditions, have found that there is no significant difference between the two formats....

Rosetta-Alice spectrograph obtains first far ultraviolet spectra of a cometary surface

September 5, 2014 8:56 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

NASA's Alice ultraviolet (UV) spectrograph aboard the European Space Agency's Rosetta comet orbiter has delivered its first scientific discoveries. Rosetta, in orbit around comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, is the first spacecraft to study a comet up close....

Magnetic nanocubes self-assemble into helical superstructures

September 5, 2014 8:41 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Materials made from nanoparticles hold promise for myriad applications, from improved solar energy production to perfect touch screens. The challenge in creating these wonder-materials is organizing the nanoparticles into orderly arrangements....

High-voltage metal film resistors suit harsh environments

September 4, 2014 10:43 am | Stackpole Electronics, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

Stackpole's RNV Series uses proprietary manufacturing processes and materials to provide a robust product that performs under prolonged high temperature and high humidity stress. It can withstand ...

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Low-profile button-type lens assemblies intended for heavy duty panel solutions

September 3, 2014 4:33 pm | Product Releases | Comments

VCC (Poway, CA) has strengthened its LED lens product offering with the development of NEMA 4-rated, low-profile button type lens assemblies. The CMS 442 and HMS 462 Series lens assemblies have been designed not only to meet the needs of all indoor indication lighting applications....

Niche applications will help OLED lighting market reach $1.9bn in 2025

September 2, 2014 4:46 pm | by Dr Khasha Ghaffarzadeh, Head of Consulting, IDTechEx | News | Comments

OLED lighting is an emerging solid-state lighting technology. It potentially provides a route into the large and growing global lighting market. It however faces a critical differentiation challenge vis-à-vis incumbents such as inorganic LED lighting....

Camera flash LED driver delivers up to 1.2A

September 2, 2014 1:42 pm | Micrel | Product Releases | Comments

Micrel, Inc. (San Jose, CA) introduced the MIC2873/MIC2874, an ultra-compact, camera flash LED driver that integrates a 1.2A boost converter and LED driver circuit into a small 9 pin, 1.3mm by 1.3mm chip scale package. Operating from 2.7V to 5.5V and featuring up to 92 percent efficiency ...

Scientists get set for simulated nuclear inspection

September 2, 2014 12:37 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Some 40 scientists and technicians from around the world will descend on Jordan in November to take part in a simulated on-site inspection of a suspected nuclear test site on the banks of the Dead Sea. Playing the part of inspectors, the experts will have access to a wide range of sensor technologies to look for signs of whether a nuclear explosion has taken place....

Family dinners reduce effects of cyberbullying in adolescents

September 2, 2014 11:54 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Sharing regular family meals with children may help protect them from the effects of cyberbullying, according to a study by McGill professor Frank Elgar, Institute for Health and Social Policy. Because family meal times represent social support and exchanges in the home....

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Single laser stops molecular tumbling motion instantly

September 2, 2014 11:45 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In the quantum world, making the simple atom behave is one thing, but making the more complex molecule behave is another story. Now Northwestern University scientists have figured out an elegant way to stop a molecule from tumbling so that its potential ...

NASA's TRMM Satellite sees powerful towering storms in Cristobal

August 28, 2014 9:18 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

NASA's TRMM satellite identified areas of heavy rainfall occurring in Hurricane Cristobal as it continued strengthening on approach to Bermuda. NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite flew above Hurricane Cristobal on August 26 at 11:35 UTC (7:35 a.m. EDT) gathering rainfall data....

Crimp style, wire-to-board, subminiature connector targets LED applications

August 27, 2014 4:49 pm | Jst Corporation | Product Releases | Comments

The new LEN Series wire-to-board, crimp style, disconnectable connectors recently introduced by JST Corporation (Waukegan, Il) offer subminiature size, design flexibility, and reliable contact construction for high density LED light applications.

Scripps Research Institute scientists link alcohol-dependence gene to neurotransmitter

August 27, 2014 4:07 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have solved the mystery of why a specific signaling pathway can be associated with alcohol dependence. This signaling pathway is regulated by a gene, called neurofibromatosis type 1 (Nf1), which TSRI scientists found is linked with excessive drinking in mice....

When blinding someone with a laser is better than killing them

August 27, 2014 2:57 pm | by Jason Lomberg, Digital Editor | Blogs | Comments

Sometimes, it’s better to shine a bright light in someone’s face than riddle them with bullets (shocking, I know). And for troops in a warzone following very specific Escalation of Force (EOF) procedures, not killing someone is always the best possible outcome....

New smartphone app can detect newborn jaundice in minutes

August 27, 2014 2:12 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Newborn jaundice: It's one of the last things a parent wants to deal with, but it's unfortunately a common condition in babies less than a week old. Skin that turns yellow can be a sure sign that a newborn is jaundiced and isn't adequately eliminating the chemical bilirubin. But that discoloration is sometimes hard to see, and severe jaundice left untreated can harm a baby....

CWRU astronomers win time on Hubble to study galaxy formation

August 27, 2014 10:28 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Case Western Reserve University astronomer Chris Mihos leads a team of Ohio researchers recently awarded nearly 20 hours of observing time on the Hubble Space Telescope to study the outskirts of the nearby spiral galaxy M101. Access to Hubble is extremely competitive, with only about one in five proposals being awarded observing time and research funding....

Symphony of nanoplasmonic and optical resonators produces laser-like light emission

August 27, 2014 9:42 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

By combining plasmonics and optical microresonators, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have created a new optical amplifier (or laser) design, paving the way for power-on-a-chip applications. "We have made optical systems at the microscopic scale that amplify light and produce ultra-narrowband spectral output," explained J. Gary Eden, a professor of electrical and computer engineering (ECE) at Illinois....

Satellite shows Hurricane Marie about to swallow Karina

August 27, 2014 9:24 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Massive Hurricane Marie appears like a giant fish about to swallow tiny Tropical Depression Karina on satellite imagery today from NOAA's GOES-West satellite. Karina, now a tropical depression is being swept into Marie's circulation where it is expected to be eaten, or absorbed....

Best view yet of merging galaxies in distant universe

August 27, 2014 9:20 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The famous fictional detective Sherlock Holmes used a magnifying lens to reveal barely visible but important evidence. Astronomers are now combining the power of many telescopes on Earth and in space [1] with a vastly larger form of lens to study a case of vigorous star formation in the early Universe....

Collaboration aims to reduce, treat vision problems in astronauts

August 27, 2014 9:17 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

To reduce and better treat spaceflight-induced visual impairment, University of Houston (UH) optometrists are collaborating on a NASA study that examines ocular changes seen in a number of astronauts. The research, developed by Heidelberg Engineering, uses Spectralis® Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), which is a technique for obtaining subsurface images of translucent or opaque materials....

Introducing the multi-tasking nanoparticle

August 27, 2014 9:08 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Kit Lam and colleagues from UC Davis and other institutions have created dynamic nanoparticles (NPs) that could provide an arsenal of applications to diagnose and treat cancer. Built on an easy-to-make polymer, these particles can be used as contrast agents to light up tumors for MRI and PET scans or deliver chemo and other therapies to destroy tumors....

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