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The Lead

Nitrogen fingerprint in biomolecules could be from early sun

September 30, 2014 3:28 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Chemical fingerprints of the element nitrogen vary by extremes in materials from the molecules of life to the solar wind to interstellar dust. Ideas for how this great variety came about have included alien molecules shuttled in by icy comets....

'Green' technology developed at Louisiana Tech University earns company LA StartUp Prize

September 30, 2014 2:48 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Alchemy Geopolymer Solutions (AGS), an innovative concrete technology company that emerged from...

Interstellar molecules are branching out

September 26, 2014 11:49 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy (Bonn, Germany), Cornell University...

Los Alamos researchers uncover properties in nanocomposite oxide ceramics for reactor fuel

September 23, 2014 3:38 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Nanocomposite oxide ceramics have potential uses as ferroelectrics, fast ion conductors, and...

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NREL Industry Growth Forum attracts clean energy entrepreneurs and investors

September 23, 2014 3:29 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Thirty clean energy companies will present their business cases to a panel of investors and industry experts Oct. 28 and 29 in Denver, as the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) hosts its annual Industry Growth Forum....

Researchers develop unique waste cleanup for rural areas

September 19, 2014 10:14 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Washington State University researchers have developed a unique method to use microbes buried in pond sediment to power waste cleanup in rural areas. The first microbe-powered, self-sustaining wastewater treatment system could lead to an inexpensive....

Cells simply avoid chromosome confusion

September 16, 2014 11:38 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Reproductive cell division has evolved a simple, mechanical solution to avoid chromosome sorting errors, researchers report in the Sept. 11 Science Express.This natural safeguard prevents incorrect chromosome counts and misalignments....

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Collaboration drives achievement in protein structure research

September 16, 2014 9:09 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

When this week's print issue of the journal Science comes out, a collective cheer will go up from New Mexico, Montana and even the Netherlands, thanks to the type of collaborative effort that is more and more the norm in these connected times....

Cutting the cloud computing carbon cost

September 12, 2014 10:17 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Cloud computing involves displacing data storage and processing from the user's computer on to remote servers. It can provide users with more storage space and computing power that they can then access from anywhere in the world rather than....

New family of materials for energy-efficient information storage and processing

September 12, 2014 10:16 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Switching the polarity of a magnet using an electric field (magnetoelectric memory [MEM] effect), can be a working principle of the next-generation technology for information processing and storage. Multiferroic materials are promising candidates....

SF funds new method for making materials that can make lighter, more efficient vehicles

September 12, 2014 9:05 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Diana Lados, associate professor of mechanical engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) and founding director of the university's Integrative Materials Design Center (iMdc), has received a three-year, $424,000 award from the National Science Foundation....

Bookmark and share printable version crystal solar and NREL team up to cut costs

September 9, 2014 2:57 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A faster, cheaper way to manufacture silicon solar cells, partially funded by the Energy Department and fine-tuned at its National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), has won a coveted R&D 100 award as one of the top technology innovations of 2013....

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SDSC joins the Intel Parallel Computing Centers program

September 9, 2014 1:52 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California, San Diego, is working with semiconductor chipmaker Intel Corporation to further optimize research software to improve the parallelism, efficiency, and scalability of widely....

'Solid' light could compute previously unsolvable problems

September 9, 2014 1:49 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Researchers at Princeton University have begun crystallizing light as part of an effort to answer fundamental questions about the physics of matter.The researchers are not shining light through crystal – they are transforming light into crystal....

Squeezed quantum communication

September 9, 2014 12:08 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

It could be difficult for the NSA to hack encrypted messages in the future – at least if a technology being investigated by scientists at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light in Erlangen and the University Erlangen-Nürnberg will be successful....

A system that facilitates malware identification in smartphones

September 9, 2014 11:53 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Malware is a type of malicious program whose general aim is to profit economically by carrying out actions without the user's consent, such as stealing personal information or committing economic fraud. We can find it "in any type of device ranging from....

New infrared marker for bio-imaging

September 9, 2014 11:47 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Far-red shifted fluorescent tissue markers make it possible to visualize structures and processes with advanced bio-imaging. This permits new insights into organisms and creates the potential for a wide range of applications – from more exact....

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A single molecule diode opens up a new era for sustainable and miniature electronics

September 9, 2014 11:41 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In the domain of electronics, the continuous quest for miniaturisation is pushing us towards the creation of devices which are continuously becoming smaller and more efficient. However, silicon - the basic component for most of these devices which caused a....

Europe's brightest cleantech start-ups embark on US Start-up Tour

September 9, 2014 9:52 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Climate-KIC, the European Union's main climate innovation initiative, has today kicked off its 2014 US Start-up Tour where 13 of Europe's most promising start-ups will get a crash course in cleantech entrepreneurship in Silicon Valley and the Boston area....

Kent State researchers to develop mobile app for Cuyahoga Valley National Park

September 5, 2014 12:47 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A $952,000 National Science Foundation grant to researchers at Kent State University will result in a mobile device application to help visitors to Cuyahoga Valley National Park learn more about the park's history and ecology and become "citizen scientists" by sharing their findings with others....

Brain mechanism underlying the recognition of hand gestures develops even when blind

September 5, 2014 12:39 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Does a distinctive mechanism work in the brain of congenitally blind individuals when understanding and learning others' gestures? Or does the same mechanism as with sighted individuals work? Japanese researchers figured out that activated brain regions of congenitally blind individuals ...

Atomically thin material opens door for integrated nanophotonic circuits

September 5, 2014 10:29 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A new combination of materials can efficiently guide electricity and light along the same tiny wire, a finding that could be a step towards building computer chips capable of transporting digital information at the speed of light. Reporting today in The Optical Society's (OSA) high-impact journal Optica, optical and material scientists at the University of Rochester and Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich....

UCSB researchers develop ultra sensitive biosensor from molybdenite semiconductor

September 5, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Move over, graphene. An atomically thin, two-dimensional, ultrasensitive semiconductor material for biosensing developed by researchers at UC Santa Barbara promises to push the boundaries of biosensing technology in many fields, from health care to environmental protection to forensic industries....

Climate-smart agriculture requires three-pronged global research agenda

September 5, 2014 8:48 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Faced with climate change and diminishing opportunities to expand productive agricultural acreage, the world needs to invest in a global research agenda addressing farm and food systems, landscape and regional issues and institutional and policy matters if it is to meet the growing worldwide demand for food, fiber and fuel, suggests an international team of researchers....

Argonne scientists pioneer strategy for creating new materials

September 2, 2014 12:46 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Making something new is never easy. Scientists constantly theorize about new materials, but when the material is manufactured it doesn't always work as expected. To create a new strategy for designing materials, scientists at the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory combined two different approaches at two different facilities to synthesize new materials....

Scientists get set for simulated nuclear inspection

September 2, 2014 12:37 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Some 40 scientists and technicians from around the world will descend on Jordan in November to take part in a simulated on-site inspection of a suspected nuclear test site on the banks of the Dead Sea. Playing the part of inspectors, the experts will have access to a wide range of sensor technologies to look for signs of whether a nuclear explosion has taken place....

Accounting for biological aggregation in heating and imaging of magnetic nanoparticles

September 2, 2014 12:09 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Biological aggregation is a critical, yet often overlooked factor in the medical application of nanoparticles. Here we systematically characterize the effects of aggregation on both radiofrequency heating and magnetic resonance image (MRI) contrast of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs), including detailed analysis of the aggregate morphologies based on quasi-fractal descriptions....

Experiments explain why some liquids are 'fragile' and others are 'strong'

August 28, 2014 9:13 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Only recently has it become possible to accurately "see" the structure of a liquid. Using X-rays and a high-tech apparatus that holds liquids without a container, Kenneth Kelton, PhD, the Arthur Holly Compton Professor in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, was able to compare the behavior of glass-forming liquids as they approach the glass transition....

Two Ames Laboratory scientists named 'Most Influential Scientific Minds'

August 28, 2014 9:01 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Two Ames Laboratory physicists, Paul Canfield and Sergey Bud'ko, were recently named to Thomson Reuters' World's Most Influential Scientific Minds 2014. Researchers earned inclusion on the list by writing the greatest number of highly cited papers, ranking among the top 1 percent for their subject field and year of publication between 2002 and 2012....

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