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MU researchers develop more accurate Twitter analysis tools

August 27, 2014 2:06 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

"Trending" topics on the social media platform Twitter show the quantity of tweets associated with a specific event. However, trends only show the highest volume keywords and hashtags, and may not give qualitative information about the tweets themselves....

Scientists plug into a learning brain

August 27, 2014 1:59 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Learning is easier when it only requires nerve cells to rearrange existing patterns of activity than when the nerve cells have to generate new patterns, a study of monkeys has found. The scientists explored the brain's capacity to learn through recordings of electrical activity of brain cell networks. The study was partly funded by the National Institutes of Health....

New study throws into question long-held belief about depression

August 27, 2014 11:01 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

New evidence puts into doubt the long-standing belief that a deficiency in serotonin — a chemical messenger in the brain — plays a central role in depression. In the journal ACS Chemical Neuroscience, scientists report that mice lacking the ability to make serotonin in their brains (and thus should have been "depressed" by conventional wisdom) did not show depression-like symptoms....

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Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center awarded $18 million grant

August 27, 2014 10:58 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Outstanding basic research, a growing focus on translating discoveries into treatments, and a dedication to patient care have earned the Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center (HICCC) of Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital an $18 million, five-year Cancer Center Support Grant from the National Cancer Institute (NCI)....

EuropeanPioneers: 4.5 million Euros of EU funds for startups

August 27, 2014 10:54 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Berlin/Sankt Augustin, 27th August 2014 – Over the next two years, the EU funding pogramme "EuropeanPioneers" will support 25 startups and SMEs in the European Union with a total of 4.5 million Euros. The scheme targets businesses active in the fields of Smart City Services, Social Connected TV, Pervasive Gaming and E-Learning....

Home appliances market consolidation continues, confirming IHS market forecast

August 27, 2014 10:54 am | by IHS Technology | News | Comments

Key players in the global home appliances market are looking to increase their market share via acquisitions and other moves in order to take advantage of ongoing strong expansion in the trade, according to a new report from IHS Technology....

Happy Camp and July Fire Complexes in California

August 27, 2014 10:46 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

As of seven hours ago the Happy Camp Complex of fires had consumed 24,939 acres of land in Northern California, the July complex had consumed 35,530 as of eight hours ago. Lightning strikes started seventeen fires on the Happy Camp Ranger District of the Klamath National Forest when a thunderstorm passed through the area on August 11, 2014. All but three of those fires are now 100 percent contained....

NOAA's Marine Debris Program reports on the national issue of derelict fishing traps

August 27, 2014 10:42 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Thousands of fishing traps are lost or abandoned each year in U.S. waters and become what are known as derelict traps, which continue to catch fish, crabs, and other species such as turtles. These traps result in losses to habitat, fisheries, and the watermen who depend on the resources--losses that are largely preventable, according to a newly published NOAA study....

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The roots of human altruism

August 27, 2014 10:38 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Scientists have long been searching for the factor that determines why humans often behave so selflessly. It was known that humans share this tendency with species of small Latin American primates of the family Callitrichidae (tamarins and marmosets), leading some to suggest that cooperative care for the young, which is ubiquitous in this family, was responsible for spontaneous helping behavior....

Gamblers are greedy bird-brains, University of Warwick research finds

August 27, 2014 10:34 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Gamblers are greedy bird-brains, University of Warwick research finds. Gamblers show the same tendencies as pigeons when they make risky decisions, new research has shown. Researchers, led by Dr Elliot Ludvig of the University of Warwick's Department of Psychology, conducted tests that found that both human gamblers and pigeons were 35% more likely to gamble for high-value than low-value rewards....

Researchers find boron facilitates stem cell growth and development in corn

August 27, 2014 10:15 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Boron deficiency is one of the most widespread causes of reduced crop yield. Missouri and the eastern half of the United States are plagued by boron deficient soil and, often, corn and soybean farmers are required to supplement their soil with boron; however, little is known about the ways in which corn plants utilize the essential nutrient....

Coal's continued dominance must be made more vivid in climate change accounting

August 27, 2014 10:11 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The world's accounting system for carbon emissions, run by the United Nations, disregards capital investments in future coal-fired and natural-gas power plants that will commit the world to several decades and billions of tons of greenhouse gas emissions, according to a new study from Princeton University and the University of California-Irvine published Aug. 26 in the journal Environmental Research Letters....

Are consumers more likely to purchase unintentionally green products?

August 27, 2014 9:56 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A Fortune 500 company is redesigning a popular product using materials that are friendlier to the environment. How will consumers respond to the newly redesigned, "greener" product? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, consumers are more likely to purchase a product if they think helping the environment is not the intended purpose of a product improvement....

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Museum specimens, modern cities show how an insect pest will respond to climate change

August 27, 2014 9:49 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Researchers from North Carolina State University have found that century-old museum specimens hold clues to how global climate change will affect a common insect pest that can weaken and kill trees – and the news is not good. "Recent studies found that scale insect populations increase on oak and maple trees in warmer urban areas, which raises the possibility that these pests may also increase with global warming,"....

Yale journal explores advances in sustainable manufacturing

August 27, 2014 9:29 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In recent years, increasing pressure from policymakers, consumers, and suppliers has prompted manufacturers to set environmental targets that go beyond reducing the pollutants they emit from their smokestacks or discharge into rivers and lakes....

Collaboration aims to reduce, treat vision problems in astronauts

August 27, 2014 9:17 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

To reduce and better treat spaceflight-induced visual impairment, University of Houston (UH) optometrists are collaborating on a NASA study that examines ocular changes seen in a number of astronauts. The research, developed by Heidelberg Engineering, uses Spectralis® Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), which is a technique for obtaining subsurface images of translucent or opaque materials....

What lit up the universe?

August 27, 2014 9:12 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

New research from UCL shows we will soon uncover the origin of the ultraviolet light that bathes the cosmos, helping scientists understand how galaxies were built. The study published today in The Astrophysical Journal Letters by UCL cosmologists Dr Andrew Pontzen and Dr Hiranya Peiris (both UCL Physics & Astronomy), together with collaborators at Princeton and Barcelona Universities....

NSF expands the National Innovation Network with 2 new I-Corps nodes

August 27, 2014 8:49 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded two major grants to further expand and support a national network of public-private partnerships to transition fundamental science and engineering discoveries to the marketplace under the Innovation Corps (I-Corps™) program....

Commoditizing the network: The white box switch

August 27, 2014 8:06 am | by Sam Fuller, Freescale Semiconductor | Freescale Semiconductor | Blogs | Comments

By now, it should come as no surprise that networking is changing. The number of devices – not just PCs – connected to the Internet has exploded. According to the recently released Cisco Visual Networking Index, by 2018 devices will generate more network traffic than PCs....

LG bets on pricey OLED technology as future of TVs

August 26, 2014 4:38 pm | by YOUKYUNG LEE, AP Technology Writer | News | Comments

LG Electronics Inc. announced two new giant OLED TVs with ultra-high definition screens Monday, sticking with its strategy of using the exceptionally expensive OLED display technology. The South Korean company said it will ship 65-inch OLED TVs...

A Closer Look: Reading tablets decent, but needed?

August 26, 2014 4:30 pm | by ANICK JESDANUN, AP Technology Writer | News | Comments

E-book readers are great for reading books, but they can't be used get directions or watch videos of people dumping ice over their heads. Tablets can. In partnership with Samsung, Barnes & Noble released a reading-centric tablet last week....

5 UC Riverside scientists among world's most influential scientific minds

August 26, 2014 9:46 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Thomson Reuters, a leading source of information for businesses and professionals, has included five researchers at the University of California, Riverside in its 2014 list of "some of the best and brightest minds of our times." To generate the list, the company analyzed citation data over 11 years (2002-2012) to identify researchers whose published work has had enormous impact....

ZigBee in the sky

August 26, 2014 9:42 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A team of engineers from Singapore has successfully piloted the world's first ZigBee wireless sensor network (WSN) for satellite communications. With the weight of payloads being a major constraint in satellite design, constructing a lightweight, low power-consuming ...

Tilted acoustic tweezers separate cells gently

August 26, 2014 9:24 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Precise, gentle and efficient cell separation from a device the size of a cell phone may be possible thanks to tilt-angle standing surface acoustic waves, according to a team of engineers. "For biological testing we often need to do cell separation before analysis," said Tony Jun Huang, professor of engineering science and mechanics....

To deter cyberattacks, build a public-private partnership

August 26, 2014 9:19 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Cyberattacks loom as an increasingly dire threat to privacy, national security and the global economy, and the best way to blunt their impact may be a public-private partnership between government and business, researchers say. But the time to act is now, rather than in the wake of a crisis, says a University of Illinois expert in law and technology....

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