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Stanford scientists develop a water splitter that runs on an ordinary AAA battery

August 22, 2014 8:42 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In 2015, American consumers will finally be able to purchase fuel cell cars from Toyota and other manufacturers. Although touted as zero-emissions vehicles, most of the cars will run on hydrogen made from natural gas, a fossil fuel that contributes to global warming....

Arctic sea ice influenced force of the Gulf Stream

August 21, 2014 4:47 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

For AWI geologist Juliane Müller the Fram Strait is a key region in the global oceanic circulation. "On the east side of this passage between Greenland and Svalbard warm Atlantic water flows to the north into the Arctic Ocean while on the west side cold Arctic water masses and sea ice push their way out of the Arctic into the North Atlantic....

Hacking Gmail with 92 percent success

August 21, 2014 4:41 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A team of researchers, including an assistant professor at the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering, have identified a weakness believed to exist in Android, Windows and iOS mobile operating systems that could be used to obtain personal information from unsuspecting users....

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Primary care physicians can be critical resource for abused women in rural areas

August 21, 2014 4:25 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Many primary care physicians in rural communities do not routinely screen women for intimate partner violence (IPV), according to Penn State medical and public health researchers. Rural women who are exposed to such violence have limited resources if they seek help....

University of Houston receives $3.3 million grant to promote women in STEM fields

August 21, 2014 4:21 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The University of Houston has received a $3.3 million grant from the National Science Foundation to increase the number of women faculty in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields, as well as to ensure they have opportunities to move into leadership roles....

Laser device may end pin pricks, improve quality of life for diabetics

August 21, 2014 4:18 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Princeton University researchers have developed a way to use a laser to measure people's blood sugar, and, with more work to shrink the laser system to a portable size, the technique could allow diabetics to check their condition without pricking themselves to draw blood....

Feeling bad at work can be a good thing (and vice versa)

August 21, 2014 11:30 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Research by the University of Liverpool suggests that, contrary to popular opinion, it can be good to feel bad at work, whilst feeling good in the workplace can also lead to negative outcomes. In a Special Issue published in Human Relations, Dr Dirk Lindebaum from the University's Management School, together with his co-author Professor Peter Jordan, developed a new line of study, and commissioned research to further explore the role....

ADHD children make poor decisions due to less differentiated learning processes

August 21, 2014 11:25 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Which shirt do we put on in the morning? Do we drive to work or take the train? From which takeaway joint do we want to buy lunch? We make hundreds of different decisions every day. Even if these often only have a minimal impact, it is extremely important for our long-term personal development to make decisions that are as optimal as possible....

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Engineering Update 72: 3D-printed Army chow

August 21, 2014 11:02 am | by Jon Dipierro, Multimedia Production Specialist | Videos | Comments

Anyone who doesn’t enjoy the taste of burnt cardboard could tell you that the Army isn’t known for its fine culinary selections. While troops can eat surprisingly well in Iraq and Afghanistan, for the most part, the military subsists on odious chow hall food or the infamous Meals Ready to Eat (or MREs)....

Experts: 90% of medical records are vulnerable to hackers

August 21, 2014 10:47 am | by A.J. Watts, Editorial Intern | Blogs | Comments

Many tech-savvy people take major precautions to guard themselves against hackers by encrypting their personal data and protecting their Wi-Fi at home. Sadly, hospitals and clinics haven’t taken those same precautions and are under attack by data breaches and hacking. They are being hit harder than any other industry, even more than the banking and military industries combined....

Smartphone-loss anxiety disorder

August 21, 2014 10:34 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The smart phone has changed our behavior, sometimes for the better as we are now able to connect and engage with many more people than ever before, sometimes for the worse in that we may have become over-reliant on the connectivity with the outside world that these devices afford us....

Toothpaste fluorine formed in stars

August 21, 2014 10:06 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The fluorine that is found in products such as toothpaste was likely formed billions of years ago in now dead stars of the same type as our sun. This has been shown by astronomers at Lund University in Sweden, together with colleagues from Ireland and the USA....

$14.5 million grant awarded to continue anthrax studies

August 21, 2014 9:59 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The National Institutes of Health has awarded the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation a five-year, $14.5 million grant to continue its research on anthrax and the bacteria's effects on humans. For 10 years, OMRF scientist Mark Coggeshall, Ph.D., and his colleagues have studied the human immune response to anthrax bacteria as part of NIH's Cooperative Centers for Human Immunology....

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Many solve civil justice problems on their own, rarely involving attorneys, says study

August 21, 2014 9:21 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Many of life's problems are also civil legal problems, but people don't see them that way. As a result, they often deal with them on their own, and rarely involve lawyers or courts, or even other third parties, according to a recent study. They rarely say that concern about the cost of legal help is a factor, contrary to common assumptions....

Water and sunlight the formula for sustainable fuel

August 21, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

An Australian National University (ANU) team has successfully replicated one of the crucial steps in photosynthesis, opening the way for biological systems powered by sunlight which could manufacture hydrogen as a fuel. "Water is abundant and so is sunlight. It is an exciting prospect to use them to create hydrogen, and do it cheaply and safely," said Dr Kastoori Hingorani....

Pica in pregnant teens linked to low iron

August 21, 2014 8:44 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In a study of 158 pregnant teenagers in Rochester, NY, nearly half engaged in pica – the craving and intentional consumption of ice, cornstarch, vacuum dust, baby powder and soap, and other nonfood items, reports a new Cornell study. Moreover, such teens had significantly lower iron levels as compared with teens who did not eat nonfood substances....

Research: Tax benefits for housing not as outsized as previously thought

August 21, 2014 8:40 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

New research co-written by a University of Illinois expert in urban economics indicates that tax benefits for housing, including the ever-popular mortgage interest deduction and the property tax deduction, are not as distortionary as previous research and some prominent critics suggest....

Abusive leadership infects entire team

August 20, 2014 10:25 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Supervisors who are abusive to individual employees can actually throw the entire work team into conflict, hurting productivity, finds new research led by a Michigan State University business scholar. The study, conducted in China and the United States, suggests the toxic effect of nonphysical abuse by a supervisor is much broader than believed....

Mums trust mums on the net: Australian study

August 20, 2014 10:21 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Facebook groups for mothers are overtaking the traditional mums-and-bubs and playgroup environments as a source of trusted advice, and offers a largely untapped marketing tool for businesses wanting to sell their products, an Australian study has found....

Wide input DC/DC regulators target smart grid and industrial applications

August 20, 2014 10:08 am | Renesas Technology America, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

Renesas Electronics America (Santa Clara, CA) announced 16-V input capable synchronous buck regulators that deliver up to   continuous current to loads at voltages as low as 0.8 V. The new power supply ICs are appropriate for ...

Guiding Stars

August 20, 2014 9:24 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Can nutrition rating systems be used in supermarkets to encourage healthier spending habits? A new study by Cornell University researchers sought to answer that very question by tracking the purchasing records in a supermarket chain that uses the Guiding Stars System to rate the nutritional value of foods for sale....

Growing up poor affects adults' sense of control, impulsiveness when faced with economic uncertainty

August 20, 2014 9:12 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Growing up poor can influence people's sense of control and in turn may lead them to more impulsive decision-making and quickly give up on challenging tasks in uncertain situations, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association....

Mid-power LEDs to account for 48 percent of the market In 2014

August 18, 2014 12:03 pm | by Jamie Fox, IHS Inc. | News | Comments

The growing lighting end market in 2014 is now projected to account for 35 percent of all packaged light-emitting diode (LED) dollars, according to IHS. For the first time, this is more than all backlighting combined. In 2013, lighting and backlighting accounted for...

Why home automation is changing the pet world

August 18, 2014 8:10 am | by Christian DeFeo, eSupplier and Innovation Manager, element14 | Blogs | Comments

The increasing popularity of the Internet of Things (IoT) is driven by a desire for connectivity, creeping into our daily routines at an exponential rate. The more we see of it and use it, the more we want from it. The adage of “if you give a mouse a cookie, he’s going to want a glass of milk” couldn’t be more applicable to the usage of the Internet in our lives. This is where the impending IoT home revolution comes into play.

Engineering Update #71: A $52 million dollar car

August 14, 2014 1:20 pm | by Jon Dipierro, Multimedia Production Specialist | Videos | Comments

In this week's episode of the Engineering Update: A $52 million dollar car — The Ferrari GTO 250 weighs in at 1980 pounds and has a 300 horsepower v8 engine. It gets its sleek shape from placing aluminum over a wood frame and hammering it, by hand, into shape.....

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