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Witnessing the early growth of a giant

August 27, 2014 2:18 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Elliptical galaxies are large, gas-poor gatherings of older stars and are one of the main types of galaxy along with their spiral and lenticular relatives. Galaxy formation theories suggest that giant elliptical galaxies form from the inside out, with a large core marking the very first stages of formation....

New smartphone app can detect newborn jaundice in minutes

August 27, 2014 2:12 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Newborn jaundice: It's one of the last things a parent wants to deal with, but it's unfortunately a common condition in babies less than a week old. Skin that turns yellow can be a sure sign that a newborn is jaundiced and isn't adequately eliminating the chemical bilirubin. But that discoloration is sometimes hard to see, and severe jaundice left untreated can harm a baby....

Educated consumers more likely to use potentially unreliable online healthcare information

August 27, 2014 2:08 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The last time you experienced worrisome medical symptoms, did you look for advice online before consulting a health-care professional? If so, you're not alone. Consumers are increasingly turning to forums, video-sharing sites, and peer support groups to gather anecdotal information and advice, which may distract them from more reliable and trustworthy sources....

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MU researchers develop more accurate Twitter analysis tools

August 27, 2014 2:06 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

"Trending" topics on the social media platform Twitter show the quantity of tweets associated with a specific event. However, trends only show the highest volume keywords and hashtags, and may not give qualitative information about the tweets themselves....

NASA sees massive Marie close enough to affect southern California coast

August 27, 2014 2:03 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Two NASA satellites captured visible and infrared pictures that show the massive size of Hurricane Marie. Marie is so large that it is bringing rough surf to the southern coast of California while almost nine hundred miles west of Baja California....

Scientists plug into a learning brain

August 27, 2014 1:59 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Learning is easier when it only requires nerve cells to rearrange existing patterns of activity than when the nerve cells have to generate new patterns, a study of monkeys has found. The scientists explored the brain's capacity to learn through recordings of electrical activity of brain cell networks. The study was partly funded by the National Institutes of Health....

EuropeanPioneers: 4.5 million Euros of EU funds for startups

August 27, 2014 10:54 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Berlin/Sankt Augustin, 27th August 2014 – Over the next two years, the EU funding pogramme "EuropeanPioneers" will support 25 startups and SMEs in the European Union with a total of 4.5 million Euros. The scheme targets businesses active in the fields of Smart City Services, Social Connected TV, Pervasive Gaming and E-Learning....

NOAA's Marine Debris Program reports on the national issue of derelict fishing traps

August 27, 2014 10:42 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Thousands of fishing traps are lost or abandoned each year in U.S. waters and become what are known as derelict traps, which continue to catch fish, crabs, and other species such as turtles. These traps result in losses to habitat, fisheries, and the watermen who depend on the resources--losses that are largely preventable, according to a newly published NOAA study....

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Gamblers are greedy bird-brains, University of Warwick research finds

August 27, 2014 10:34 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Gamblers are greedy bird-brains, University of Warwick research finds. Gamblers show the same tendencies as pigeons when they make risky decisions, new research has shown. Researchers, led by Dr Elliot Ludvig of the University of Warwick's Department of Psychology, conducted tests that found that both human gamblers and pigeons were 35% more likely to gamble for high-value than low-value rewards....

CWRU astronomers win time on Hubble to study galaxy formation

August 27, 2014 10:28 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Case Western Reserve University astronomer Chris Mihos leads a team of Ohio researchers recently awarded nearly 20 hours of observing time on the Hubble Space Telescope to study the outskirts of the nearby spiral galaxy M101. Access to Hubble is extremely competitive, with only about one in five proposals being awarded observing time and research funding....

Measurement at Big Bang conditions confirms lithium problem

August 27, 2014 10:26 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The field of astrophysics has a stubborn problem and it's called lithium. The quantities of lithium predicted to have resulted from the Big Bang are not actually present in stars. But the calculations are correct – a fact which has now been confirmed for the first time in experiments conducted at the underground laboratory in the Gran Sasso mountain in Italy....

Preclinical development of tumor therapeutic agent starts

August 27, 2014 10:23 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

There is an urgent need for medical agents to treat metastatic tumors. In case of pancreatic cancer, one of the most aggressive types of cancer that is often detected late, 95% of the patients die within five years after the diagnosis. The KIT spinoff amcure develops tumor therapeutic agents that might reduce this mortality rate....

DTU researchers film protein quake for the first time

August 27, 2014 10:21 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

One of nature's mysteries is how plants survive impact by the huge amounts of energy contained in the sun's rays, while using this energy for photosynthesis. The hypothesis is that the light-absorbing proteins in the plant's blades quickly dissipate the energy throughout the entire protein molecule through so-called protein quakes....

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The thunder god vine, assisted by nanotechnology, could shake up future cancer treatment

August 27, 2014 10:18 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of cancer-associated death worldwide. These regrettably poor prognoses are due to the difficulty in treating this cancer using conventional chemotherapeutic drugs such as doxorubicin, epirubicin, cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, etoposide or combinations therein....

Researchers find boron facilitates stem cell growth and development in corn

August 27, 2014 10:15 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Boron deficiency is one of the most widespread causes of reduced crop yield. Missouri and the eastern half of the United States are plagued by boron deficient soil and, often, corn and soybean farmers are required to supplement their soil with boron; however, little is known about the ways in which corn plants utilize the essential nutrient....

3D TSV Technology-based DDR4 modules support enterprise servers

August 27, 2014 9:47 am | Samsung | Product Releases | Comments

Samsung Electronics, Ltd. (Seoul, Korea) has started mass producing what are believed to be the industry’s first 64 gigabyte (GB), double data rate-4 (DDR4), registered dual Inline memory modules (RDIMMs) that use …

Symphony of nanoplasmonic and optical resonators produces laser-like light emission

August 27, 2014 9:42 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

By combining plasmonics and optical microresonators, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have created a new optical amplifier (or laser) design, paving the way for power-on-a-chip applications. "We have made optical systems at the microscopic scale that amplify light and produce ultra-narrowband spectral output," explained J. Gary Eden, a professor of electrical and computer engineering (ECE) at Illinois....

Competition for graphene

August 27, 2014 9:38 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A new argument has just been added to the growing case for graphene being bumped off its pedestal as the next big thing in the high-tech world by the two-dimensional semiconductors known as MX2 materials. An international collaboration of researchers led by a scientist with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab)....

Sleep apnea treatment is effective for older people

August 27, 2014 9:33 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Continuous positive airway pressure is effective at treating sleep apnoea in older people, a new study has found. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a condition where the walls of the throat relax and narrow during sleep, interrupting normal breathing and causing profound sleepiness....

Yale journal explores advances in sustainable manufacturing

August 27, 2014 9:29 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In recent years, increasing pressure from policymakers, consumers, and suppliers has prompted manufacturers to set environmental targets that go beyond reducing the pollutants they emit from their smokestacks or discharge into rivers and lakes....

Satellite shows Hurricane Marie about to swallow Karina

August 27, 2014 9:24 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Massive Hurricane Marie appears like a giant fish about to swallow tiny Tropical Depression Karina on satellite imagery today from NOAA's GOES-West satellite. Karina, now a tropical depression is being swept into Marie's circulation where it is expected to be eaten, or absorbed....

Best view yet of merging galaxies in distant universe

August 27, 2014 9:20 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The famous fictional detective Sherlock Holmes used a magnifying lens to reveal barely visible but important evidence. Astronomers are now combining the power of many telescopes on Earth and in space [1] with a vastly larger form of lens to study a case of vigorous star formation in the early Universe....

Collaboration aims to reduce, treat vision problems in astronauts

August 27, 2014 9:17 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

To reduce and better treat spaceflight-induced visual impairment, University of Houston (UH) optometrists are collaborating on a NASA study that examines ocular changes seen in a number of astronauts. The research, developed by Heidelberg Engineering, uses Spectralis® Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), which is a technique for obtaining subsurface images of translucent or opaque materials....

Introducing the multi-tasking nanoparticle

August 27, 2014 9:08 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Kit Lam and colleagues from UC Davis and other institutions have created dynamic nanoparticles (NPs) that could provide an arsenal of applications to diagnose and treat cancer. Built on an easy-to-make polymer, these particles can be used as contrast agents to light up tumors for MRI and PET scans or deliver chemo and other therapies to destroy tumors....

New technology may identify tiny strains in body tissues before injuries occur

August 27, 2014 9:05 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have developed algorithms to identify weak spots in tendons, muscles and bones prone to tearing or breaking. The technology, which needs to be refined before it is used in patients, one day may help pinpoint minor strains and tiny injuries in the body's tissues long before bigger problems occur....

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