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UCSB researchers develop ultra sensitive biosensor from molybdenite semiconductor

September 5, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Move over, graphene. An atomically thin, two-dimensional, ultrasensitive semiconductor material for biosensing developed by researchers at UC Santa Barbara promises to push the boundaries of biosensing technology in many fields, from health care to environmental protection to forensic industries....

2-D or 3-D? That is the question

September 5, 2014 9:06 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The increased visual realism of 3-D films is believed to offer viewers a more vivid and lifelike experience—more thrilling and intense than 2-D because it more closely approximates real life. However, psychology researchers at the University of Utah, among those who use film clips routinely in the lab to study patients' emotional conditions, have found that there is no significant difference between the two formats....

Rosetta-Alice spectrograph obtains first far ultraviolet spectra of a cometary surface

September 5, 2014 8:56 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

NASA's Alice ultraviolet (UV) spectrograph aboard the European Space Agency's Rosetta comet orbiter has delivered its first scientific discoveries. Rosetta, in orbit around comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, is the first spacecraft to study a comet up close....

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Hurricane Norbert pinwheels in NASA satellite imagery

September 5, 2014 8:53 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The Eastern Pacific's Hurricane Norbert resembled a pinwheel in an image from NASA's Terra satellite as bands of thunderstorms spiraled into the center. NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM mission has helped forecasters see that Norbert has lost some of its organization early on September 4....

News media losing role as gatekeepers to new 'social mediators' on Twitter, study finds

September 5, 2014 8:45 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The U.S. government is doing a better job of communicating on Twitter with people in sensitive areas like the Middle East and North Africa without the participation of media organizations, according to a study co-authored by a University of Georgia researcher....

Magnetic nanocubes self-assemble into helical superstructures

September 5, 2014 8:41 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Materials made from nanoparticles hold promise for myriad applications, from improved solar energy production to perfect touch screens. The challenge in creating these wonder-materials is organizing the nanoparticles into orderly arrangements....

4th generation Intel processor provides exceptional computing in new Aitech rugged 6U VME SBC

September 3, 2014 2:14 pm | Aitech | Product Releases | Comments

Aitech Defense Systems (Chatsworth, CA) now offers the C163, a rugged 6U VME SBC based on the 4th generation Intel Core i7 (Haswell) processor family. Based on the latest Intel, 4th generation Core i5 or Core i7 Haswell multicore processors ...

Antarctic sea-level rising faster than global rate

September 3, 2014 1:18 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A new study of satellite data from the last 19 years reveals that fresh water from melting glaciers has caused the sea-level around the coast of Antarctica to rise by 2cm more than the global average of 6cm. Researchers at the University of Southampton detected the rapid rise in sea-level....

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Infographic: Where are all the women in STEM?

September 3, 2014 8:00 am | by Kasey Panetta, Managing Editor and Eileen Whitmore, Art Director | Blogs | Comments

When it comes to women in STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathethmatics) the numbers just don’t add up. Even though the number of women majoring in STEM (and attending college) has increased in the past few decades, the number of women who actually enter the fields has barely increased at all....

Observing the onset of a magnetic substorm

September 2, 2014 12:55 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Magnetic substorms, the disruptions in geomagnetic activity that cause brightening of aurora, may sometimes be driven by a different process than generally thought, a new study in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics shows....

Reducing water scarcity possible by 2050

September 2, 2014 12:51 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Water scarcity is not a problem just for the developing world. In California, legislators are currently proposing a $7.5 billion emergency water plan to their voters; and U.S. federal officials last year warned residents of Arizona and Nevada that they could face cuts in Colorado River water deliveries in 2016....

Argonne scientists pioneer strategy for creating new materials

September 2, 2014 12:46 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Making something new is never easy. Scientists constantly theorize about new materials, but when the material is manufactured it doesn't always work as expected. To create a new strategy for designing materials, scientists at the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory combined two different approaches at two different facilities to synthesize new materials....

Scientists get set for simulated nuclear inspection

September 2, 2014 12:37 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Some 40 scientists and technicians from around the world will descend on Jordan in November to take part in a simulated on-site inspection of a suspected nuclear test site on the banks of the Dead Sea. Playing the part of inspectors, the experts will have access to a wide range of sensor technologies to look for signs of whether a nuclear explosion has taken place....

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A new synthetic amino acid for an emerging class of drugs

September 2, 2014 12:35 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

One of the greatest challenges in modern medicine is developing drugs that are highly effective against a target, but with minimal toxicity and side-effects to the patient. Such properties are directly related to the 3D structure of the drug molecule. Ideally, the drug should have a shape that is perfectly complementary to a disease-causing target, so that it binds it with high specificity....

Why sibling stars look alike: Early, fast mixing in star-birth clouds

September 2, 2014 12:30 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Stars are made mostly of hydrogen and helium, but they also contain trace amounts of other elements, such as carbon, oxygen, iron, and even more exotic substances. By carefully measuring the wavelengths (colors) of light coming from a star, astronomers can determine how abundant each of these trace elements is....

Accounting for biological aggregation in heating and imaging of magnetic nanoparticles

September 2, 2014 12:09 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Biological aggregation is a critical, yet often overlooked factor in the medical application of nanoparticles. Here we systematically characterize the effects of aggregation on both radiofrequency heating and magnetic resonance image (MRI) contrast of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs), including detailed analysis of the aggregate morphologies based on quasi-fractal descriptions....

Nature's tiny engineers

September 2, 2014 11:57 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Conventional wisdom has long held that corals — whose calcium-carbonate skeletons form the foundation of coral reefs — are passive organisms that rely entirely on ocean currents to deliver dissolved substances, such as nutrients and oxygen. But now scientists at MIT ...

Family dinners reduce effects of cyberbullying in adolescents

September 2, 2014 11:54 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Sharing regular family meals with children may help protect them from the effects of cyberbullying, according to a study by McGill professor Frank Elgar, Institute for Health and Social Policy. Because family meal times represent social support and exchanges in the home....

Ride-sharing could cut cabs' road time by 30 percent

September 2, 2014 11:47 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Cellphone apps that find users car rides in real time are exploding in popularity: The car-service company Uber was recently valued at $18 billion, and even as it faces legal wrangles, a number of companies that provide similar services with licensed taxi cabs have sprung up....

Single laser stops molecular tumbling motion instantly

September 2, 2014 11:45 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In the quantum world, making the simple atom behave is one thing, but making the more complex molecule behave is another story. Now Northwestern University scientists have figured out an elegant way to stop a molecule from tumbling so that its potential ...

Researchers awarded $1.5 million to develop software to process solar astronomy data on larger scale

September 2, 2014 11:43 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Researchers in Georgia State University's new Astroinformatics program have been awarded $1.5 million from the National Science Foundation to develop software tools that can process large sets of solar astronomy data and allow scientists to perform analyses on scales and detail levels that have not been possible....

Nano-forests to reveal secrets of cells

September 2, 2014 11:40 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Vertical nanowires could be used for detailed studies of what happens on the surface of cells. The findings are important for pharmaceuticals research, among other applications. A group of researchers from Lund University in Sweden have managed to make artificial cell membranes form....

Preventing emergencies with home automation

August 28, 2014 2:09 pm | by Christian DeFeo, eSupplier and Innovation Manager, element14 | Blogs | Comments

The engineers in the Forget Me Not Challenge are hard at work on their designs as we approach the one-month mark, and Embedit Electronics and Cypress Semiconductor recently provided them with the new RPiSoC development platform to help bring their imagined creations to life. One theme that has been consistent throughout the competition is the idea that home automation technology can prevent a household emergency.

NASA's TRMM Satellite sees powerful towering storms in Cristobal

August 28, 2014 9:18 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

NASA's TRMM satellite identified areas of heavy rainfall occurring in Hurricane Cristobal as it continued strengthening on approach to Bermuda. NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite flew above Hurricane Cristobal on August 26 at 11:35 UTC (7:35 a.m. EDT) gathering rainfall data....

Experiments explain why some liquids are 'fragile' and others are 'strong'

August 28, 2014 9:13 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Only recently has it become possible to accurately "see" the structure of a liquid. Using X-rays and a high-tech apparatus that holds liquids without a container, Kenneth Kelton, PhD, the Arthur Holly Compton Professor in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, was able to compare the behavior of glass-forming liquids as they approach the glass transition....

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