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For secure software: X-rays instead of passport control

August 21, 2014 10:27 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Trust is good, control is better. This also applies to the security of computer programs. Instead of trusting "identification documents" in the form of certificates, JOANA, the new software analysis tool, examines the source text (code) of a program....

Water and sunlight the formula for sustainable fuel

August 21, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

An Australian National University (ANU) team has successfully replicated one of the crucial steps in photosynthesis, opening the way for biological systems powered by sunlight which could manufacture hydrogen as a fuel. "Water is abundant and so is sunlight. It is an exciting prospect to use them to create hydrogen, and do it cheaply and safely," said Dr Kastoori Hingorani....

Satellite eyes a big influence on Tropical Storm Karina

August 21, 2014 9:00 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

NOAA's Central Pacific Hurricane Center noted that Tropical Storm Karina's next move is based on its interaction with Tropical Storm Lowell. Lowell is positioned to the east of Tropical Storm Karina in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Karina is still well over 1,000 miles away from Hawaii and has become almost stationary as the mammoth Tropical Storm Lowell creeps closer to it....

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Imaging study reveals white-matter deficits in users of codeine-containing cough syrups

August 21, 2014 8:36 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

An imaging study of chronic users of codeine-containing cough syrups (CCS) has found deficits in specific regions of brain white matter and associates these changes with increased impulsivity in CCS users. Researchers used diffusuion tensor imaging (DTI) (an MR imaging technique), coupled with fractional anisotropy, to investigate the white matter integrity of chronic CCS users....

Worker bees 'know' when to invest in their reproductive future

August 20, 2014 10:32 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

When a colony of honeybees grows to about 4,000 members, it triggers an important first stage in its reproductive cycle: the building of a special type of comb used for rearing male reproductive, called drones. A team of experts from the Department of Neurobiology and Behaviour at Cornell University, led by Michael Smith, studied what starts the reproductive cycle of honeybee colonies....

Wide input DC/DC regulators target smart grid and industrial applications

August 20, 2014 10:08 am | Renesas Technology America, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

Renesas Electronics America (Santa Clara, CA) announced 16-V input capable synchronous buck regulators that deliver up to   continuous current to loads at voltages as low as 0.8 V. The new power supply ICs are appropriate for ...

New framework would facilitate use of new Android security modules

August 20, 2014 9:51 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Computer security researchers from North Carolina State University and Technische Universität Darmstadt/CASED in Germany have developed a modification to the core Android operating system that allows developers and users to plug in new security enhancements....

Research paves way for development of cyborg moth 'biobots'

August 20, 2014 9:47 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

North Carolina State University researchers have developed methods for electronically manipulating the flight muscles of moths and for monitoring the electrical signals moths use to control those muscles. The work opens the door to the development of remotely-controlled moths, or "biobots," for use in emergency response....

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Review of clinical treatment of bronchiolitis in infants reveals over-reliance on one test

August 20, 2014 9:15 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

An editorial published in this week's JAMA highlights the importance of physicians using all available clinical assessment tools when considering how to treat patients. Written by Robert Vinci, MD, chief of pediatrics at Boston Medical Center and chair of pediatrics at Boston University School of Medicine....

1U rackmount I/O server delivers solid-state reliability

August 19, 2014 9:19 am | Sealevel Systems, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

Sealevel Systems, Inc. (Liberty, SC) announces the Relio R4 industrial computer designed for applications requiring flexible I/O configurations in a compact 1U rackmount design. Based on COM Express architecture, the system offers high reliability, scalable processing ...

Crystal comes in ultra-miniature size

August 18, 2014 11:56 am | Product Releases | Comments

CTS Corporation announced the smallest member of its quartz crystal products, Model 402. The product is housed in a 2.0-mm x 1.6-mm seam sealed ceramic four-pad surface mount package – providing …

Cloud-based IoT development tools remove the historical obstacles to device communication

August 13, 2014 9:29 am | Product Releases | Comments

RacoWireless (Las Vegas, NV), a global machine-to-machine (M2M) service provider, announced that it will launch Omega DevCloud, facilitating communication with IoT applications in a standardized, easy-to-use environment. The new product will remove the historical obstacles....

Hotspot: DARPA's brain-inspired chip

August 12, 2014 8:54 am | by Eric Sorensen, Coordinator of Multimedia Development | Videos | Comments

DARPA-funded researchers have developed a complex computer chip whose architecture is inspired by the neuronal structure of the brain and requires only a fraction of the electrical power of conventional chips. The chip is loaded with more than 5 billion transistors....

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Peer-reviewed paper says all ivory markets must close

August 8, 2014 9:37 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The message is simple: to save elephants, all ivory markets must close and all ivory stockpiles must be destroyed, according to a new peer-reviewed paper by the Wildlife Conservation Society. The paper says that corruption, organized crime, and a lack of enforcement make any legal trade of ivory a major factor contributing to the demise of Africa's elephants....

Expert insights on in vitro alternatives for drug and chemical toxicity testing

August 8, 2014 8:57 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In vitro toxicity testing is rapidly being adopted in the pharmaceutical, chemical, and cosmetics industries, for example, as an alternative to animal studies to predict adverse health effects of drugs and personal care products and the health consequences of environmental exposures....

PQFN power block features exposed top

August 7, 2014 1:19 pm | International Rectifier | Product Releases | Comments

International Rectifier (El Segundo, CA) announced the expansion of the power block family of devices with the introduction of the IRFHE4250D FastIRFET dual power MOSFET that reduces power losses by more than 5% at 25A compared to best-in-class conventional power block devices....

NIST ion duet offers tunable module for quantum simulator

August 7, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a pas de deux of atomic ions that combines the fine choreography of dance with precise individual control.NIST's ion duet, described in the August 7 issue of Nature, is a component for a flexible quantum simulator that could be scaled up in size and configured to model quantum systems of a complexity that overwhelms traditional computer simulations....

A new way to model cancer

August 7, 2014 8:57 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Sequencing the genomes of tumor cells has revealed thousands of mutations associated with cancer. One way to discover the role of these mutations is to breed a strain of mice that carry the genetic flaw — but breeding such mice is an expensive, time-consuming process....

The Internet of EVERYthing will engage EVERYone

August 7, 2014 8:56 am | by Dan Miklovic, LNS Research | Blogs | Comments

IoT, the Internet of Things, is dominating the media these days. Some say IoT itself is probably a misnomer. For instance, futurist and inventor Ray Kurzweil says it really ought to be the Internet of Everything (IoE). Whenever we hear IoT, the first thing many start talking about is M2M....

New hand-held device uses lasers, sound waves for deeper melanoma imaging

August 6, 2014 11:55 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A new hand-held device that uses lasers and sound waves may change the way doctors treat and diagnose melanoma, according to a team of researchers from Washington University in St. Louis. The instrument, described in a paper published today in The Optical Society's (OSA) journal Optics Letters, is the first that can be used directly on a patient and accurately measure how deep a melanoma tumor extends into the skin....

Construction to begin in Hawaii on world's most advanced telescope

August 6, 2014 11:42 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

With the recent approval of a sublease by Hawaii's Board of Land and Natural Resources, initial construction on the Thirty Meter Telescope — destined to be the most advanced and powerful optical telescope in the world — can begin later this year....

The next graphene?

August 6, 2014 9:13 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Three University of California, Riverside engineers are part of team recently awarded a nearly $1.7 million grant from the National Science Foundation to characterize, analyze and synthesize a new class of ultra-thin film materials that could improve the performance of personal electronics, optoelectronic devices and energy conversion systems....

Misinformation diffusing online

July 31, 2014 11:15 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The spread of misinformation through online social networks is becoming an increasingly worrying problem. Researchers in India have now modeled how such fictions and diffuse through those networks. They described details of their research and the taxonomy that could help those who run, regulate and use online social networks better understand how to slow or even prevent the spread of misinformation to the wider public....

NSF grant to Wayne State supports new concept for manufacturing nanoscale devices

July 31, 2014 11:06 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A professor from Wayne State University's College of Engineering recently received a $330,000 award from the National Science Foundation for the project, "Nanoparticle-directed synthesis of organic nanorods." According to the National Science Foundation, nanotechnology is the creation and utilization of functional materials, devices, and systems with novel properties and functions....

Chemists demonstrate 'bricks-and-mortar' assembly of new molecular structures

July 31, 2014 11:02 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have described the self-assembly of large, symmetrical molecules in bricks-and-mortar fashion, a development with potential value for the field of organic electronic devices such as field-effect transistors and photovoltaic cells....

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