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New process helps overcome obstacles to produce renewable fuels and chemicals

August 26, 2014 9:12 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

There's an old saying in the biofuels industry: "You can make anything from lignin except money." But now, a new study may pave the way to challenging that adage. The study from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) demonstrates a concept that provides opportunities for the successful conversion of lignin into a variety of renewable fuels....

Revolutionary handheld DNA diagnostic unit allows lab-quality analysis in the field

August 26, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A revolutionary handheld and battery-powered DNA diagnostic device invented at New Zealand's University of Otago is poised to become a commonly used field tool for rapidly detecting suspected viruses or bacteria in samples while also determining the level of infection....

Eye implant developed at Stanford could lead to better glaucoma treatments

August 26, 2014 9:01 am | News | Comments

For the 2.2 million Americans battling glaucoma, the main course of action for staving off blindness involves weekly visits to eye specialists who monitor – and control – increasing pressure within the eye. Now, a tiny eye implant developed at Stanford ...

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US has seen widespread adoption of robot-assisted cancer surgery to remove the prostate

August 26, 2014 8:59 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A new study reveals that the US has experienced widespread adoption of robot-assisted prostate removal surgery to treat prostate cancer in recent years. The BJU International study also found that while such surgeries are more expensive than traditional surgeries....

Photon speedway puts big data in the fast lane

August 26, 2014 8:56 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A series of experiments conducted by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC) researchers is shedding new light on the photosynthetic process. The work also illustrates how light sources and supercomputing facilities can be linked via a "photon science speedway" as a solution to emerging challenges in massive data analysis....

TVS array provides overvoltage protection in high-speed applications

August 25, 2014 8:57 am | ProTek Devices | Product Releases | Comments

ProTek Devices (Tempe, AZ) has introduced a new transient voltage suppressor array (TVS array) for overvoltage circuit protection in a variety of high-speed applications such as Gigabit Ethernet, LAN / WAN equipment, notebooks and desktop computers, and more....

Traffic lights are insanely easy to hack into

August 25, 2014 8:40 am | by A.J. Watts, Editorial Intern | Blogs | Comments

Have you ever sat at a traffic light that takes forever to change, and wish you could just change it yourself? Certain disreputable parties might have the ability to do that. Researchers say, “anyone with a radio hooked up to a laptop can ...

Spectacular supernova's mysteries revealed

August 25, 2014 7:28 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

New research by a team of UK and European-based astronomers is helping to solve the mystery of what caused a spectacular supernova in a galaxy 11 million light years away, seen earlier this year. The supernova, a giant explosion of a star and the closest one to the Earth in decades, was discovered earlier this year by chance at the University of London Observatory....

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CU-Boulder leads international unmanned aircraft testing event at Pawnee Grassland

August 22, 2014 11:24 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

An international research effort organized by the University of Colorado Boulder conducted the first multiple, unmanned aircraft interception of a telltale rush of cold air preceding a thunderstorm known as a "gust front" as it rolled across the Pawnee National Grassland in northeast Colorado on Aug. 14....

A breakthrough in imaging gold nanoparticles to atomic resolution by electron microscopy

August 22, 2014 11:20 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Nanometre-scale gold particles are intensively investigated for application as catalysts, sensors, drug delivery devices, biological contrast agents and components in photonics and molecular electronics. Gaining knowledge of their atomic-scale structures, fundamental for understanding physical and chemical properties, has been challenging....

PROFIBUS network interface cards target PCI, PCI Express, and CompactPCI 3U formats

August 22, 2014 10:07 am | Molex Incorporated | Product Releases | Comments

Molex Incorporated (Walldorf, Germany) introduced its next generation Brad applicomIO PROFIBUS Network Interface Cards (NICs), which are form-fit-function replacements for the existing family. The Brad applicomIO offering provides the

In our digital world, are young people losing the ability to read emotions?

August 22, 2014 9:32 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Children's social skills may be declining as they have less time for face-to-face interaction due to their increased use of digital media, according to a UCLA psychology study. UCLA scientists found that sixth-graders who went five days without even glancing at a smartphone, television or other digital screen did substantially better at reading human emotions than sixth-graders from the same school who continued to spend hours....

Electric sparks may alter evolution of lunar soil

August 22, 2014 9:27 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The moon appears to be a tranquil place, but modeling done by University of New Hampshire (UNH) and NASA scientists suggests that, over the eons, periodic storms of solar energetic particles may have significantly altered the properties of the soil in the moon's coldest craters through the process of sparking....

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Space Station inspired robot to help heal sick children

August 22, 2014 9:20 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Children love robots. In all shapes, sizes, "personalities" and "smarts," these electronic wonders have been found under Christmas trees by kids and unwrapped on birthdays for years. The gift of space-inspired robotics now goes beyond toys. They are lending a helping arm to pediatric doctors for children who require intensive surgical care....

Playing hunger games: Are gamified health apps putting odds in your favor?

August 22, 2014 9:05 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

For many people, finding motivation to exercise is a challenge. Thankfully, there are Zombies chasing you. At least that's the approach of Zombies, Run!—one of more than 31,000 health and fitness apps on the market today, and one of the growing number of apps that use games to increase physical activity....

Scientists observe quantum vortices in cold helium droplets

August 22, 2014 8:56 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

An international research team including DESY scientists has observed tiny quantum vortices in cold droplets of liquid helium. The team reports in the journal Science that the exotic vortices arrange themselves as densely packed lattices inside the nanodroplets....

Shaping the future of nanocrystals

August 22, 2014 8:52 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The first direct observations of how facets form and develop on platinum nanocubes point the way towards more sophisticated and effective nanocrystal design and reveal that a nearly 150 year-old scientific law describing crystal growth breaks down at the nanoscale....

Hacking Gmail with 92 percent success

August 21, 2014 4:41 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A team of researchers, including an assistant professor at the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering, have identified a weakness believed to exist in Android, Windows and iOS mobile operating systems that could be used to obtain personal information from unsuspecting users....

USB pen scope displays signals from 5mV to 50V

August 21, 2014 4:27 pm | Saelig Company, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

Saelig Company Inc. (Fairport, NY) announces the new Owon RDS1021 Wave Rambler — a new, USB pen scope that packs the features of a high-performance bench top oscilloscope in a small, lightweight and ergonomic probe that fits perfectly in the hand....

Laser device may end pin pricks, improve quality of life for diabetics

August 21, 2014 4:18 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Princeton University researchers have developed a way to use a laser to measure people's blood sugar, and, with more work to shrink the laser system to a portable size, the technique could allow diabetics to check their condition without pricking themselves to draw blood....

ORNL scientists uncover clues to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

August 21, 2014 4:13 pm | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

New measurements of atomic-scale magnetic behavior in iron-based superconductors by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Vanderbilt University are challenging conventional wisdom about superconductivity and magnetism....

Delivery by drone

August 21, 2014 11:45 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In the near future, the package that you ordered online may be deposited at your doorstep by a drone: Last December, online retailer Amazon announced plans to explore drone-based delivery, suggesting that fleets of flying robots might serve as autonomous messengers that shuttle packages to customers within 30 minutes of an order....

Water window imaging opportunity

August 21, 2014 11:19 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Ever heard of the water window? It consists of radiations in the 3.3 to 4.4 nanometre range, which are not absorbed by the water in biological tissues. New theoretical findings show that it is possible to develop coherent radiations within the water window....

800 meters beneath Antarctic ice sheet, subglacial lake holds viable microbial ecosystems

August 21, 2014 11:16 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In a finding that has implications for life in other extreme environments, both on Earth and planets elsewhere in the solar system, LSU Associate Professor of Biological Sciences Brent Christner and fellow researchers funded by the National Science Foundation, or NSF, this week published a paper confirming that the waters and sediments of a lake that lies 800 meters....

Experts: 90% of medical records are vulnerable to hackers

August 21, 2014 10:47 am | by A.J. Watts, Editorial Intern | Blogs | Comments

Many tech-savvy people take major precautions to guard themselves against hackers by encrypting their personal data and protecting their Wi-Fi at home. Sadly, hospitals and clinics haven’t taken those same precautions and are under attack by data breaches and hacking. They are being hit harder than any other industry, even more than the banking and military industries combined....

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