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Electric sparks may alter evolution of lunar soil

August 21, 2014 10:04 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The moon appears to be a tranquil place, but modeling done by University of New Hampshire and NASA scientists suggests that, over the eons, periodic storms of solar energetic particles may have significantly altered the properties of the soil in the moon's coldest craters through the process of sparking—a finding that could change our understanding of the evolution of planetary surfaces in the solar system....

$14.5 million grant awarded to continue anthrax studies

August 21, 2014 9:59 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The National Institutes of Health has awarded the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation a five-year, $14.5 million grant to continue its research on anthrax and the bacteria's effects on humans. For 10 years, OMRF scientist Mark Coggeshall, Ph.D., and his colleagues have studied the human immune response to anthrax bacteria as part of NIH's Cooperative Centers for Human Immunology....

Beaver complex and July complex wildfires in California

August 21, 2014 9:53 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The Beaver Complex is comprised of the Salt Creek Fire (20 miles northwest of Medford) and the Oregon Gulch Fire (15 miles east of Ashland), lightning-started fires that started on July 30-31, 2014. After it was first discovered on July 31, the Oregon Gulch Fire rapidly moved southeast from the Cascade Siskiyou National Monument into the Soda Mountain Wilderness Area....

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UH professor named fellow by International Astrobiology Society

August 21, 2014 9:36 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

George E. Fox, a John and Rebecca Moores Professor of Biology and Biochemistry at the University of Houston (UH), was named a fellow in the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life (ISSOL). Fox is one of four members – two from the U.S., one from France and one from Spain – chosen as fellows in 2014. Fellows are elected every three years, and 36 have been named since 1980....

New feeding tube connectors will improve patient safety

August 21, 2014 9:31 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

New feeding tube connectors, designed by an international standards process, will be available soon and will improve patient safety. According to an invited review published in the OnlineFirst version of Nutrition in Clinical Practice (NCP), the official journal of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.), the new connectors will greatly reduce the occurrence of misconnection that can be harmful....

Maturing brain flips function of amygdala in regulating stress hormones

August 21, 2014 9:24 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In contrast to evidence that the amygdala stimulates stress responses in adults, researchers at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University have found that the amygdala has an inhibitory effect on stress hormones during the early development of nonhuman primates....

Many solve civil justice problems on their own, rarely involving attorneys, says study

August 21, 2014 9:21 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Many of life's problems are also civil legal problems, but people don't see them that way. As a result, they often deal with them on their own, and rarely involve lawyers or courts, or even other third parties, according to a recent study. They rarely say that concern about the cost of legal help is a factor, contrary to common assumptions....

Seeing a molecule breathe

August 21, 2014 9:14 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

For the first time, chemists have succeeded in measuring vibrational motion of a single molecule with a femtosecond time resolution. The study reveals how vibration of a single molecule differs from the behaviour of larger molecular groups....

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Water and sunlight the formula for sustainable fuel

August 21, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

An Australian National University (ANU) team has successfully replicated one of the crucial steps in photosynthesis, opening the way for biological systems powered by sunlight which could manufacture hydrogen as a fuel. "Water is abundant and so is sunlight. It is an exciting prospect to use them to create hydrogen, and do it cheaply and safely," said Dr Kastoori Hingorani....

Salt, pink diamonds and DNA: 5 surprising facts about crystals (video)

August 21, 2014 9:04 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Many people think of crystals as little more than sparkly things behind glass cases in museums. But crystals are everywhere, from the dinner table to the human body. Because 2014 is the International Year of Crystallography, Reactions is celebrating with a video highlighting five surprising facts about crystals. The video is available at: http://youtu.be/urq8SuPMZ_w....

Satellite eyes a big influence on Tropical Storm Karina

August 21, 2014 9:00 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

NOAA's Central Pacific Hurricane Center noted that Tropical Storm Karina's next move is based on its interaction with Tropical Storm Lowell. Lowell is positioned to the east of Tropical Storm Karina in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Karina is still well over 1,000 miles away from Hawaii and has become almost stationary as the mammoth Tropical Storm Lowell creeps closer to it....

High school students discover stars at SMU research program

August 21, 2014 8:52 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Two Dallas high school students discovered five stars as members of a Southern Methodist University summer physics research program that enabled them to analyze data gleaned from a high-powered telescope in the New Mexico desert. All five stars discovered by Lake Highlands High School seniors Dominik Fritz and Jason Barton are eclipsing contact binary stars....

Ozone-depleting compound persists, NASA research shows

August 21, 2014 8:48 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

NASA research shows Earth's atmosphere contains an unexpectedly large amount of an ozone-depleting compound from an unknown source decades after the compound was banned worldwide. Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), which was once used in applications such as dry cleaning and as a fire-extinguishing agent, was regulated in 1987 under the Montreal Protocol along with other chlorofluorocarbons that destroy ozone and contribute to....

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Pica in pregnant teens linked to low iron

August 21, 2014 8:44 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

In a study of 158 pregnant teenagers in Rochester, NY, nearly half engaged in pica – the craving and intentional consumption of ice, cornstarch, vacuum dust, baby powder and soap, and other nonfood items, reports a new Cornell study. Moreover, such teens had significantly lower iron levels as compared with teens who did not eat nonfood substances....

This is what a solar-powered sailboat would look like

August 21, 2014 8:43 am | by Kasey Panetta, Managing Editor | Blogs | Comments

Just when you think designers can’t design anything you’ll enjoy more than a 3D-printed violin, they came up with a solar-powered sailboat. The Kira Sail Yacht is designed to “bridge the gap between the sail and motor yacht” and it is gorgeous....

Research: Tax benefits for housing not as outsized as previously thought

August 21, 2014 8:40 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

New research co-written by a University of Illinois expert in urban economics indicates that tax benefits for housing, including the ever-popular mortgage interest deduction and the property tax deduction, are not as distortionary as previous research and some prominent critics suggest....

Imaging study reveals white-matter deficits in users of codeine-containing cough syrups

August 21, 2014 8:36 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

An imaging study of chronic users of codeine-containing cough syrups (CCS) has found deficits in specific regions of brain white matter and associates these changes with increased impulsivity in CCS users. Researchers used diffusuion tensor imaging (DTI) (an MR imaging technique), coupled with fractional anisotropy, to investigate the white matter integrity of chronic CCS users....

LED light fixture intended for outdoor applications

August 20, 2014 3:29 pm | Larson Electronics Llc | Product Releases | Comments

The GVP-48-2L-LED-D from Larson Electronics (Kemp, TX) is similar to the company's explosion-proof LED fixtures that provide an LED alternative to fluorescent fixtures. These LED fixtures produce more light output with longer lamp life and are vapor-proof and impact- and vibration-resistant....

Infineon Technologies AG to acquire International Rectifier Corporation

August 20, 2014 3:06 pm | by Infineon Technologies AG and International Rectifier Corporation | News | Comments

Infineon Technologies AG and International Rectifier Corporation today announced that they have signed a definitive agreement under which Infineon will acquire International Rectifier for US-Dollar 40 per share in an all-cash transaction valued at approximately US-Dollar 3 billion....

Building the universe pixel by pixel

August 20, 2014 1:37 pm | by Kelen Tuttle, The Kavli Foundation | Blogs | Comments

Recently, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics unveiled an unprecedented simulation of the universe’s development. Called the Illustris project, the simulation depicts more than 13 billion years of cosmic evolution across a cube of the universe that’s 350-million-light-years on each side....

Finally, the right digital signage solution for SMBs?

August 20, 2014 1:20 pm | by DisplaySearch | News | Comments

On Tuesday, Samsung announced the launch and availability of Samsung SMART Signage TV (SSTV).  Targeted at small to medium businesses (SMBs) with 1-9 employees, this turnkey, entry-level, digital signage solution combines the functionality of a traditional TV (with tuner) and built-in content ...

UAV and F/A-18 land on carrier together

August 20, 2014 12:01 pm | by Jason Lomberg, Digital Editor | Blogs | Comments

While unmanned aerial vehicles won’t replace the manned variety anytime soon, UAVs could operate alongside conventional air power in the very near future. Case in point: The Navy recently executed a carrier landing with the F/A-18 and the X-47B unmanned combat air vehicle....

Worker bees 'know' when to invest in their reproductive future

August 20, 2014 10:32 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

When a colony of honeybees grows to about 4,000 members, it triggers an important first stage in its reproductive cycle: the building of a special type of comb used for rearing male reproductive, called drones. A team of experts from the Department of Neurobiology and Behaviour at Cornell University, led by Michael Smith, studied what starts the reproductive cycle of honeybee colonies....

Molex Dongguan China Achieves FDA Registration for Class I Medical Devices

August 20, 2014 10:25 am | by Molex Inc. | News | Comments

Molex Incorporated, a global manufacturer of electronic solutions, announced today that the Molex Dongguan, China facility is now registered with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a compliant manufacturer of Class I medical devices. 

Abusive leadership infects entire team

August 20, 2014 10:25 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Supervisors who are abusive to individual employees can actually throw the entire work team into conflict, hurting productivity, finds new research led by a Michigan State University business scholar. The study, conducted in China and the United States, suggests the toxic effect of nonphysical abuse by a supervisor is much broader than believed....

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