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Purdue students to design, build, fly spaceflight experiment to test green propellant

July 22, 2014 12:17 pm | by Purdue University | Comments

Students taking the Zero-Gravity Flight Experiment course at Purdue University will see their creation soar to the upper atmosphere to study a new green propellant, partnering with Aerojet Rocketdyne to demonstrate that the propellant can replace the traditional but highly toxic hydrazine fuel....

Microsoft makes design central to its future

July 21, 2014 4:14 pm | by Ryan Nakashima - AP Business Writer - Associated Press | Comments

Before Ralf Groene helped devise the look and feel of Microsoft's Surface tablet, he designed food — or "food concepts," he says, for people on the go. Among them: dried noodles that come wrapped around a pair of chopsticks; a tubular meal that can be pulled with two fingers from a car cup holder...

New inexpensive and easy computer software provides real-time and highly accurate data on traffic

July 21, 2014 3:16 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Researchers at the University of Granada have designed new software that provides real time data on traffic. It is a device that provides information on traffic flow between cities. Drivers can use this information to choose the fastest route as they plan to drive to their destinations....

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It's go time for LUX-Zeplin dark matter experiment

July 21, 2014 3:14 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

From the physics labs at Yale University to the bottom of a played-out gold mine in South Dakota, a new generation of dark matter experiments is ready to commence. The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science and the National Science Foundation recently gave the go-ahead to LUX-Zeplin (LZ)....

Improving driver safety: How to prevent streetlight glare in the new world of LED lighting

July 21, 2014 3:13 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Long hours of nighttime driving can cause eyestrain because while our vision adapts to the surrounding darkness, the sudden stabs of brightness from streetlamps can be irritating, distracting and even painful. Even as LED technology has transformed the lighting industry....

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Highly charged ions

July 21, 2014 3:10 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The world is mostly neutral. That is, most of the atoms in our environment are electrically neutral. The number of electrons in the outer parts of atoms equals the number of protons at the centers of atoms. As one or more electrons are plucked away from the atoms, the remaining electrons feel a much stronger positive pull from the nucleus....

Speedy computation enables scientists to reconstruct an animal's development cell by cell

July 21, 2014 1:08 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Recent advances in imaging technology are transforming how scientists see the cellular universe, showing the form and movement of once grainy and blurred structures in stunning detail. But extracting the torrent of information contained in those images often surpasses the limits of existing computational and data analysis techniques....

A noble gas cage

July 21, 2014 1:02 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

When nuclear fuel gets recycled, the process releases radioactive krypton and xenon gases. Naturally occurring uranium in rock contaminates basements with the related gas radon. A new porous material called CC3 effectively traps these gases, and research appearing July 20 in Nature Materials shows how: by breathing enough to let the gases in but not out....

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Tiny laser sensor heightens bomb detection sensitivity

July 21, 2014 12:57 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

New technology under development at the University of California, Berkeley, could soon give bomb-sniffing dogs some serious competition. A team of researchers led by Xiang Zhang, UC Berkeley professor of mechanical engineering, has found a way to dramatically increase the sensitivity of a light-based plasmon sensor....

Using a deacetyl chitin conduit and short-term electrical stimulation for PNI

July 21, 2014 12:45 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Previous studies have demonstrated that deacetyl chitin conduit nerve bridging or electrical stimulation shows therapeutic effect on peripheral nerve injury (PNI). Dr. Peixun Zhang, Peking University People's Hospital, China and his team bridged the injured right rat sciatic nerve using a deacetyl chitin conduit combined with electrical stimulation....

New technique uses 'simulated' human heart to screen drugs

July 21, 2014 12:43 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A Coventry University scientist has developed a pioneering new way – using samples of beating heart tissue – to test the effect of drugs on the heart without using human or animal trials. The breakthrough is the work of Dr Helen Maddock – an expert in cardiovascular physiology....

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More than glitter

July 21, 2014 12:35 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A special class of tiny gold particles can easily slip through cell membranes, making them good candidates to deliver drugs directly to target cells. A new study from MIT materials scientists reveals that these nanoparticles enter cells by taking advantage of a route normally used in vesicle-vesicle fusion....

Another advancement in imaging from INRS professor François Légaré's team

July 21, 2014 12:33 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

François Légaré's team at the INRS Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications Research Centre successfully imaged a chemical reaction with a spatial and temporal resolution greatly exceeding that obtained to date using microscopes. The team used a femtosecond laser source to shoot a molecular movie....

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Scientists successfully generate human platelets using next-generation bioreactor

July 21, 2014 12:31 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Scientists at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have developed a scalable, next-generation platelet bioreactor to generate fully functional human platelets in vitro. The work is a major biomedical advancement that will help address blood transfusion needs worldwide....

NRL reveals new meteorological insight into mid-level clouds

July 21, 2014 12:28 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Research meteorologists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Marine Meteorology Division (MMD) and Scripps Institution of Oceanography, employing the Navy's Mid-Course Doppler Radar (MCR) at Cape Canaveral, were able to characterize mid-level, mixed-phase altocumulus clouds....

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