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The quantum Cheshire cat: Scientists separate a particle from its properties

July 30, 2014 | by ECN Staff | Comments

The Quantum Cheshire Cat: Can a particle be separated from its properties? On July 29, the prestigious journal, Nature Communications, published the results of the first Cheshire Cat experiment, separating a neutron from its magnetic field, conducted by Chapman University in Orange, CA, and Vienna University of Technology....

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Small businesses see revenue gains, hire workers

July 30, 2014 12:15 pm | by Joyce M. Rosenberg - AP Business Writer - Associated Press | Comments

The long-awaited surge in hiring at small businesses appears to be underway. Owners who resisted hiring after the recession are taking on workers to keep up with rising demand for products and services. Companies began stepping up their hiring pace in the spring. Faulkner Hyundai in Harrisburg,...

Weighing the Milky Way

July 30, 2014 11:55 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Does the Milky Way look fat in this picture? Has Andromeda been taking skinny selfies? It turns out the way some astrophysicists have been studying our galaxy made it appear that the Milky Way might be more massive than it's neighbor down the street, Andromeda....

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All-in-one energy system offers greener power for off-grid homes, farms

July 30, 2014 11:51 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

An innovative 'trigeneration' system fueled entirely by raw plant oils could have great potential for isolated homes and businesses operating outside grid systems both in the UK and abroad. Developed by a consortium led by Newcastle University and funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) through the RCUK Energy Programme....

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Seeing is bead-lieving

July 30, 2014 11:45 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Rice University researchers are using magnetic beads and DNA "springs" to create chains of varying flexibility that can be used as microscale models for polymer macromolecules. The experiment is visual proof that "bead-spring" polymers, introduced as theory in the 1950s, can be made as stiff or as flexible as required and should be of interest to materials scientists who study the basic physics of polymer....

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Income is a major driver of avoidable hospitalizations across New Jersey

July 30, 2014 11:37 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The household income of its residents is the most important factor in whether a community has high or low rates of avoidable hospital visits – conditions that could be better managed in a doctor's office or other health care settings if treated at an early stage, according to a report released today by the Rutgers Center for State Health Policy (CSHP)....

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Scientists caution against exploitation of deep ocean

July 30, 2014 11:30 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The world's oceans are vast and deep, yet rapidly advancing technology and the quest for extracting resources from previously unreachable depths is beginning to put the deep seas on the cusp of peril, an international team of scientists warned this week. In an analysis in Biogeosciences, which is published by the European Geosciences Union, the researchers outline "services" or benefits provided by the deep ocean to society....

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Older adults are at risk of financial abuse

July 30, 2014 11:25 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Nearly one in every twenty elderly American adults is being financially exploited – often by their own family members. This burgeoning public health crisis especially affects poor and black people. It merits the scrutiny of clinicians, policy makers, researchers, and any citizen who cares about the dignity and well-being of older Americans, says Dr. Janey Peterson of Weill Cornell Medical College in the US....

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Spin-based electronics: New material successfully tested

July 30, 2014 11:19 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Spintronics is an emerging field of electronics, where devices work by manipulating the spin of electrons rather than the current generated by their motion. This field can offer significant advantages to computer technology. Controlling electron spin can be achieved with materials called 'topological insulators', which conduct electrons only across their surface but not through their interior....

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Rutgers study explores attitudes, preferences toward post-Sandy rebuilding

July 30, 2014 11:08 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A yearlong study funded by the New Jersey Recovery Fund and conducted by researchers at the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers University has found that individual property owners in Sandy-affected towns are skeptical about the likelihood of community-based rebuilding solutions....

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OKCupid and Facebook not alone in conducting studies of consumer behavior without consent

July 30, 2014 11:01 am | by Mae Anderson, AP Technology Writer | Comments

Think you're in control? Think again. This week, OKCupid became the latest company to admit that it has manipulated customer data to see how users of its dating service would react to one another. The New York-based Internet company's revelation follows news earlier this month that Facebook let researchers change news feeds to see how it would affect users' moods....

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First grade reading suffers in segregated schools

July 30, 2014 10:53 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A groundbreaking study from the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute (FPG) has found that African-American students in first grade experience smaller gains in reading when they attend segregated schools—but the students' backgrounds likely are not the cause of the differences....

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NASA-funded X-ray instrument settles interstellar debate

July 30, 2014 10:39 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

New findings from a NASA-funded instrument have resolved a decades-old puzzle about a fog of low-energy X-rays observed over the entire sky. Thanks to refurbished detectors first flown on a NASA sounding rocket in the 1970s, astronomers have now confirmed the long-held suspicion that much of this glow stems from a region of million-degree interstellar plasma known as the local hot bubble, or LHB....

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Teen insomnia is linked with depression and anxiety

July 30, 2014 10:29 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A study of high school students by University of Adelaide psychology researchers has shed new light on the links between insomnia-related mental health conditions among teens. School of Psychology PhD student Pasquale Alvaro surveyed more than 300 Australian high school students aged 12-18 to better understand their sleep habits, mental health condition and the time of day they were most active (known as their "chronotype")....

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Brainwaves can predict audience reaction

July 30, 2014 10:26 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Media and marketing experts have long sought a reliable method of forecasting responses from the general population to future products and messages. According to a study conducted at The City College of New York, it appears that the brain responses of just a few individuals are a remarkably strong predictor....

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'Right' defense contracts needed to support critical skill retention at Watervliet

July 30, 2014 10:20 am | by U.S. Army | Comments

In an era of declining defense budgets, the Watervliet Arsenal, New York, needs contracts to produce more than just revenue. It needs the "right kind" of contracts to retain a critical skill base that is required to support large caliber manufacturing for the Defense Department and to allied...

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