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Cosmic caffeine: Astronauts getting espresso maker

June 27, 2014 3:55 pm | by MARCIA DUNN, AP Aerospace Writer | Comments

Talk about a cosmic caffeine jolt. The International Space Station is getting a real Italian espresso machine. Astronauts of all nationalities - but especially the Italians - have long grumbled about the tepid instant coffee served in pouches and drunk with straws 260 miles above Earth....

New form of brain signaling affects addiction-related behavior

June 27, 2014 3:47 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

University of Iowa researchers have discovered a new form of neurotransmission that influences the long-lasting memory created by addictive drugs, like cocaine and opioids, and the subsequent craving for these drugs of abuse. Loss of this type of neurotransmission creates changes in brains cells that resemble the changes caused by drug addiction....

Touchless technology in the operating theater

June 27, 2014 12:59 pm | by Lancaster University | Comments

Pioneering work using touchless technology for vascular surgery is now being extended to neurosurgery.Dr Mark Rouncefield and Dr. Gerardo Gonzalez from the School of Computing and Communications at Lancaster University were part of a collaborative team from Microsoft Research....

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North Korea tests new precision-guided missiles

June 27, 2014 12:50 pm | by Hyung-Jin Kim, Associated Press | Comments

North Korea said Friday that leader Kim Jong Un has guided the test launches of its newly developed precision guided missiles, in a possible reference to three short-range projectiles South Korean officials say the North fired toward its waters a day earlier....

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'Compressive sensing' provides new approach to measuring a quantum system

June 27, 2014 12:47 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

In quantum physics, momentum and position are an example of conjugate variables. This means they are connected by Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle, which says that both quantities cannot be simultaneously measured precisely. Recently, researchers have been developing novel techniques....

Diamond plates create nanostructures through pressure, not chemistry

June 27, 2014 12:44 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

You wouldn't think that mechanical force — the simple kind used to eject unruly patrons from bars, shoe a horse or emboss the raised numerals on credit cards — could process nanoparticles more subtly than the most advanced chemistry. Yet, in a current paper in Nature Communications ...

Packing hundreds of sensors into a single optical fiber for use in harsh environments

June 27, 2014 12:34 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

By fusing together the concepts of active fiber sensors and high-temperature fiber sensors, a team of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh has created an all-optical high-temperature sensor for gas flow measurements that operates at record-setting temperatures above 800 degrees Celsius....

Capturing CO2 emissions needed to meet climate targets

June 27, 2014 12:28 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

This is shown by the most comprehensive study to date on technology strategies to combat climate change, published in a special issue of the journal Climatic Change. It is based on the analysis of 18 computer models by an international team of scientists under the roof of the Stanford Energy Modelling Forum (EMF 27)....

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Stanford's Precourt Institute partners with KQED on a new e-book series on energy

June 27, 2014 12:26 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The Precourt Institute for Energy at Stanford University and KQED, public media for Northern California, have created a two-part e-book series on energy for iPads and Mac computers. Primarily targeted at grades 8 to 13, the interactive Energy iBooks Textbooks are designed to give readers a broad introduction to the subject of energy....

Iowa State engineers turn LEGO bricks into a scientific tool to study plant growth

June 27, 2014 9:32 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Ludovico Cademartiri had what seemed like an impossibly demanding list of requirements for his lab equipment. The Iowa State University assistant professor of materials science and engineering wants to understand environmental effects on plant growth....

Not much force: Berkeley researchers detect smallest force ever measured

June 27, 2014 9:15 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

What is believed to be the smallest force ever measured has been detected by researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the University of California (UC) Berkeley. Using a combination of lasers and a unique optical trapping system that provides a cloud of ultracold atoms ...

Eco-friendly versatile nanocapsules developed

June 27, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The Institute for Basic Science (IBS) has announced that the Center for Self-assembly and Complexity have succeeded in developing a new technology that introduces metal nanoparticles on the surface of polymer nanocapsules made of cucurbit[6]uril....

Cambridge team breaks superconductor world record

June 27, 2014 9:08 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A world record that has stood for more than a decade has been broken by a team led by University of Cambridge engineers, harnessing the equivalent of three tonnes of force inside a golf ball-sized sample of material that is normally as brittle as fine china....

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Researchers discover 'Trojan Horse' method of penetrating cellular walls without harm

June 27, 2014 9:04 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Scientists with Texas A&M AgriLife Research have found a "Trojan horse" way to deliver proteins into live human cells without damaging them. The finding, published in this month's Nature Methods, is expected to be easily adopted for use in medical research....

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Let there be light: Chemists develop magnetically responsive liquid crystals

June 27, 2014 8:58 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Chemists at the University of California, Riverside have constructed liquid crystals with optical properties that can be instantly and reversibly controlled by an external magnetic field. The research paves the way for novel display applications relying on the instantaneous and contactless nature....

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