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Origami could lead to exotic materials, tiny transformers

August 8, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Embracing the pleats, creases and tucks of the Japanese art of decorative paper folding, Cornell University researchers are uncovering how origami principles could lead to exotic materials, soft robots and even tiny transformers. Publishing online in the journal Science Aug. 8, an interdisciplinary team led by Cornell's Itai Cohen, associate professor of physics, and graduate student Jesse Silverberg have discovered how to use....

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Study measures steep coastal costs of China's GDP growth

August 8, 2014 9:05 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A new study by a team of Chinese and American conservation biologists quantifies the serious consequences of China's recent economic growth on its coastal ecosystems. By several measures, 1978 was the beginning of a hugely successful surge in the nation's ability to produce economic value, but that surge brought accelerated degradation in the vitality of its coastal ecosystems....

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What does 'diversity' mean to you? The answer may depend on your race

August 8, 2014 9:00 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Diversity in the workplace has been a contentious issue for many employers. In May 2014, Google disclosed that 70% of its employees are male, and in terms of racial diversity, the company is 61% White, 30% Asian, 3% Hispanic and 2% Black. Does that breakdown sound diverse to you? If not, what would an ideal diverse team look like?....

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Expert insights on in vitro alternatives for drug and chemical toxicity testing

August 8, 2014 8:57 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

In vitro toxicity testing is rapidly being adopted in the pharmaceutical, chemical, and cosmetics industries, for example, as an alternative to animal studies to predict adverse health effects of drugs and personal care products and the health consequences of environmental exposures....

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Designing better materials for the 21st Century

August 8, 2014 8:46 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The U.S. Defense Department recently named Jian Luo, professor of nanoengineering and materials science and engineering at the University of California, San Diego as one of 10 new National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellows (NSSEFF). The award provides up to $3 million over five years to develop a new materials design tool called interfacial phase diagrams....

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Multiple UAVs perform autonomous formation flight

August 8, 2014 8:25 am | by Jason Maderer, Georgia Institute of Technology | Comments

In one of the first autonomous demonstrations, the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) has successfully commanded three fully autonomous, collaborating UAVs. The machines flew in close formation at the same altitude, separated by approximately 50 meters as they ...

Strong first half for tablet PC panel shipments, but slowdown expected

August 8, 2014 8:18 am | by DisplaySearch | Comments

According to the Monthly Tablet PC Panel Shipment & Value Chain Report, tablet PC panel shipments reached 30 million in June 2014, the highest level since December 2013. Tablet PC panel shipments for 1H’14 reached 157.4 million, up 15% Y/Y. For the full year, however, we forecast that tablet PC...

Zynga posts deeper 2Q loss, weak outlook

August 8, 2014 8:15 am | by The Associated Press | Comments

Zynga Inc. (ZNGA) on Thursday reported a wider loss in its second quarter. The online game maker's revenue forecast fell well short of estimates and its stock tumbled after hours. The San Francisco-based company posted a loss of $62.5 million, or 7 cents per share, compared with a loss of $15.8...

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Toyota says Chinese regulators looking at Lexus

August 8, 2014 3:15 am | by Joe Mcdonald - AP Business Writers - Associated Press | Comments

Toyota Motor Corp. said Friday that Chinese anti-monopoly regulators are looking at its Lexus luxury unit in a spreading investigation of foreign automakers. The company is "cooperating fully with the queries from the authorities on Lexus," said Toyota spokesman Naoki Sumino in Tokyo. He declined...

How do you feed a hungry quasar? With a ‘super boost,’ scientists say

August 7, 2014 5:21 pm | by Yale UniversityYale University | Comments

The universe’s oldest, brightest beacons may have gorged themselves in the dense, cold, gas flows of the early cosmos — creating a kind of energy drink for infant black holes in the young universe — according to new research by scientists at Yale University and the Weizmann Institute in Israel.

New CompactRIO software-designed controller simplifies control systems

August 7, 2014 10:05 am | Comments

National Instruments (NI) announced the CompactRIO performance controller on August 6th. This software-designed controller integrates the latest embedded technologies from Intel and Xilinx to deliver performance and flexibility, and is fully supported by LabVIEW 2014 and NI Linux Real-Time....

Defying expectations, global LCD TV market rises in first half

August 7, 2014 9:37 am | Comments

Liquid-crystal-display television (LCD TV) panels enjoyed unexpected growth in the first half of this year, tied to enthusiastic TV viewing because of the World Cup and other factors that benefited the market, according to a new report from IHS Technology....

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History of fire and drought shapes the ecology of California, past and future

August 7, 2014 9:28 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Fire season has arrived in California with vengeance in this third year of extended drought for the state. A series of large fires east of Redding and Fresno, in Yosemite, and on the Oregon border prompted Gov. Jerry Brown to declare a state of emergency on Sunday, August 3rd....

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How critically ill infants can benefit most from human milk

August 7, 2014 9:16 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Human milk is infant food, but for sick, hospitalized babies, it's also medicine. That's the central premise of a series of articles in a neonatal nursing journal's special issue focused on human milk for sick newborns. The articles are being published during World Breastfeeding Week, Aug. 1-7, 2014....

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NIST ion duet offers tunable module for quantum simulator

August 7, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a pas de deux of atomic ions that combines the fine choreography of dance with precise individual control.NIST's ion duet, described in the August 7 issue of Nature, is a component for a flexible quantum simulator that could be scaled up in size and configured to model quantum systems of a complexity that overwhelms traditional computer simulations....

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