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Astronauts receive mental health treatment through virtual reality

October 14, 2014 4:51 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Hiking in the mountains or lying on the beach are good ways to relieve stress on Earth, but on spaceflights there's no way to get back to nature. Astronauts feeling stressed on long-duration flights, however, may soon find computerized solace in the form....

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Engineers develop prototype of disposable lung infection detector

October 14, 2014 4:40 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Imagine a low-cost, disposable breath analysis device that a person with cystic fibrosis could use at home along with a smartphone to immediately detect a lung infection, much like the device police use to gauge a driver's blood alcohol level. Timely knowledge ...

Researchers fight friction with one-atom-thick graphene

October 14, 2014 4:30 pm | by Argonne National Laboratory | Comments

Nanoscientist Anirudha Sumant and his colleagues at Argonne’s Center for Nanoscale Materials and Argonne’s Energy Systems division applied a one-atom-thick layer of graphene, a two-dimensional form of carbon, in between a steel ball and a steel disk....

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Ordinary microwave oven synthesizes hydrogen fuel cells

October 14, 2014 2:50 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Swedish and Chinese researchers show how a unique nano-alloy composed of palladium nano-islands embedded in tungsten nanoparticles creates a new type of catalysts for highly efficient oxygen reduction, the most important reaction in hydrogen....

Future computers could be built from magnetic 'tornadoes'

October 14, 2014 2:45 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Magnetic materials form the basis of most hard disc drives as they are able to store data. A team from the University of Sheffield's Faculty of Engineering have been investigating whether they could also be used to perform calculations, and so take ...

Electric vehicle technology packs more punch in smaller package

October 14, 2014 2:41 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Using 3-D printing and novel semiconductors, researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a power inverter that could make electric vehicles lighter, more powerful and more efficient. At the core of this development ...

Rice's Office of STEM Engagement promotes K-12 outreach

October 14, 2014 2:27 pm | Comments

Rice University has created the Office of STEM Engagement to support and promote its wide-ranging efforts to improve K-12 science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education in Houston-area school districts. Rice University's Office ...

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Superconductivity and ferromagnetism make strange bedfellows

October 14, 2014 12:32 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Chemists at Ludwig-Maximilias-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have synthesized a ferromagnetic superconducting compound that is amenable to chemical modification, opening the route to detailed studies of this rare combination of physical properties....

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New materials could make it safer to store nuclear waste

October 14, 2014 12:28 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Minerals that endure in nature for millions of years are inspiring a Clemson University-led research team to explore whether new materials could be developed to encase nuclear waste for safe storage. Glass is now used to isolate nuclear waste....

ORNL researchers observe atoms moving inside bulk material

October 14, 2014 12:24 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have obtained the first direct observations of atomic diffusion inside a bulk material. The research, which could be used to give unprecedented insight into the lifespan ...

Smartphone network could track incoming cosmic rays

October 14, 2014 12:18 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Your smartphone could become part of the world's largest telescope. A team led by UC Irvine physicist Daniel Whiteson and UC Davis physicist Michael Mulhearn has designed an app to turn the global network of smartphones into a planet-sized ...

Researchers say academia can learn from Hollywood

October 14, 2014 12:15 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

According to a pair of University of Houston (UH) professors and their Italian colleague, while science is increasingly moving in the direction of teamwork and interdisciplinary research, changes need to be made in academia to allow for a more collaborative ...

Carbon nanotubes could displace silicon in LEDs

October 14, 2014 12:09 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Even as the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics has enshrined light emitting diodes (LEDs) as the single most significant and disruptive energy-efficient lighting solution of today, scientists around the world continue unabated to search for the even-better-bulbs....

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Batteries that can be recharged to 70 percent in just 2 minutes

October 14, 2014 12:03 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU Singapore) have developed a new battery that can be recharged up to 70 per cent in only 2 minutes. The battery will also have a longer lifespan of over 20 years. Expected to be the next big thing....

Searching for answers to black holes

October 14, 2014 11:57 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Is matter falling into the massive black hole at the center of the Milky Way or being ejected from it? No one knows for sure, but a UC Santa Barbara astrophysicist is searching for an answer. Carl Gwinn, a professor in UCSB's Department of Physics ...

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