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New data show the immediate value of scientific research

April 3, 2014 4:20 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

University research is a key component of the US economic ecosystem, returning the investment through enormous public value and impact on employment, business, and manufacturing nationwide. Using new data available to examine the short-term economic activity generated by science funding...

Gravity measurements confirm subsurface ocean on Enceladus

April 3, 2014 4:15 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

In 2005, NASA's Cassini spacecraft sent pictures back to Earth depicting an icy Saturnian moon spewing water vapor and ice from fractures, known as "tiger stripes," in its frozen surface. It was big news that tiny Enceladus—a mere 500 kilometers in diameter—was such an active place...

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'Unzipping' poplars' biofuel potential

April 3, 2014 4:10 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

What began 20 years ago as an innovation to improve paper industry processes and dairy forage digestibility may now open the door to a much more energy- and cost-efficient way to convert biomass into fuel. The research, which appears in the current issue of Science, focuses on enhancing poplar trees....

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Energy breakthrough uses sun to create solar energy materials

April 3, 2014 4:06 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

In a recent advance in solar energy, researchers have discovered a way to tap the sun not only as a source of power, but also to directly produce the solar energy materials that make this possible. This breakthrough by chemical engineers at Oregon State University could soon reduce the cost of solar energy....

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Green Hills Software announces IoT Security Advisors Program

April 3, 2014 3:35 pm | by ECN Staff | Comments

Green Hills Software today announced the launch of a new services group, IoT Security Advisors, comprised of security experts from all of Green Hills Software’s business units to provide security services for organizations that must manage the daunting privacy and security challenges associated with the IoT....

Structural insights into the inner workings of a viral nanomachine

April 3, 2014 1:16 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Researchers at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute (VTCRI) are using new nanoscale imaging approaches to shed light on the dynamic activities of rotaviruses, important pathogens that cause life-threatening diarrhea in young children. Once a rotavirus enters a host cell, it sheds its outermost protein layer....

How electrodes charge and discharge

April 3, 2014 1:13 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The electrochemical reactions inside the porous electrodes of batteries and fuel cells have been described by theorists, but never measured directly. Now, a team at MIT has figured out a way to measure the fundamental charge transfer rate — finding some significant surprises....

An ultrathin collagen matrix biomaterial tool for 3D microtissue engineering

April 3, 2014 1:10 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A novel ultrathin collagen matrix assembly allows for the unprecedented maintenance of liver cell morphology and function in a microscale "organ-on-a-chip" device that is one example of 3D microtissue engineering. A team of researchers from the Center for Engineering in Medicine at the Massachusetts General Hospital...

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Researchers manipulate tiny objects with ultrasound

April 3, 2014 1:07 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Renowned researcher in ultrasonic engineering, Dr Junhui Hu, has published his latest book "Ultrasonic Micro/Nano Manipulations " with World Scientific. Ultrasonic manipulation of tiny objects is an emerging technique to trap, concentrate, separate, rotate, orientate, position, remove, pattern, stretch...

An ethics framework should be used to decide health standards for extended, exploratory spaceflights

April 3, 2014 1:04 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

NASA should use an ethics framework when deciding whether, and under what conditions, spaceflights that venture outside low Earth orbit or extend beyond 30 days are acceptable if they do not meet current health standards, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine....

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Tiny power generator runs on spit

April 3, 2014 1:01 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Saliva-powered micro-sized microbial fuel cells can produce minute amounts of energy sufficient to run on-chip applications, according to an international team of engineers. Bruce E. Logan, Evan Pugh Professor and Kappe Professor of Environmental Engineering, Penn State, credited the idea....

New tweetment: Twitter users describe real-time migraine agony

April 3, 2014 12:57 pm | Comments

Someone's drilling an icicle into your temple, you're throwing up, and light and sound are unbearable. Yes, it's another migraine attack. But now in 140 characters on Twitter, you can share your agony with other sufferers. It indicates a trend toward the cathartic sharing of physical pain....

Quantum cryptography for mobile phones

April 3, 2014 12:53 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Secure mobile communications underpin our society and through mobile phones, tablets and laptops we have become online consumers. The security of mobile transactions is obscure to most people but is absolutely essential if we are to stay protected from malicious online attacks, fraud and theft....

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Fermi data tantalize with new clues to dark matter

April 3, 2014 12:48 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A new study of gamma-ray light from the center of our galaxy makes the strongest case to date that some of this emission may arise from dark matter, an unknown substance making up most of the material universe. Using publicly available data from NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope....

Fighting cancer with lasers and nanoballoons that pop

April 3, 2014 12:42 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Chemotherapeutic drugs excel at fighting cancer, but they're not so efficient at getting where they need to go. They often interact with blood, bone marrow and other healthy bodily systems. This dilutes the drugs and causes unwanted side effects.

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