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Healthy diet set early in life

August 6, 2014 8:44 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Promoting a healthy diet from infancy is important to prevent childhood obesity and the onset of chronic disease. This is the finding from a study published in the latest issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health.  Led by Rebecca Byrne from QUT, the study described quantity and diversity of food and drinks consumed by children aged 12-16 months....

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Crime Victims' Institute tracks the state of stalking in Texas

August 6, 2014 8:40 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

According to a 2010 survey by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an estimated 1.4 million women in Texas experience stalking during their lifetimes. Despite recent laws adopted in the state to protect stalking victims, little information is available about the crime or policies and procedures to aid the criminal justice system, according to a report from the Crime Victims' Institute (CVI)....

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Enhancing biofuel yields from biomass with novel new method

August 5, 2014 4:18 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A team of researchers, led by Professor Charles E. Wyman, at the University of California, Riverside's Bourns College of Engineering have developed a versatile, relatively non-toxic, and efficient way to convert raw agricultural and forestry residues and other plant matter....

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U.S. Department of Energy increases access to results of DOE-funded scientific research

August 5, 2014 4:13 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The U.S. Department of Energy is introducing new measures to increase access to scholarly publications and digital data resulting from Department-funded research. The Energy Department has launched the Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science....

No-power Wi-Fi connectivity could fuel internet of things reality

August 5, 2014 4:07 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Imagine a world in which your wristwatch or other wearable device communicates directly with your online profiles, storing information about your daily activities where you can best access it – all without requiring batteries. Or, battery-free sensors embedded around your home ...

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Bottling up sound waves

August 5, 2014 3:41 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

There's a new wave of sound on the horizon carrying with it a broad scope of tantalizing potential applications, including advanced ultrasonic imaging and therapy, acoustic cloaking, and levitation and particle manipulation. Researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory....

Minuscule chips for NMR spectroscopy promise portability, parallelization

August 5, 2014 3:37 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A team of engineers at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), Schlumberger-Doll Research Center in Cambridge, Mass., and the University of Texas, Austin, have created a truly portable device for nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy....

Learning how things fall apart

August 5, 2014 3:33 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Materials that are firmly bonded together with epoxy and other tough adhesives are ubiquitous in modern life — from crowns on teeth to modern composites used in construction. Yet it has proved remarkably difficult to study how these bonds fracture and fail....

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An embryonic cell's fate is sealed by the speed of a signal

August 5, 2014 2:56 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

When embryonic cells get the signal to specialize the call can come quickly. Or it can arrive slowly. Now, new research from Rockefeller University suggests the speed at which a cell in an embryo receives that signal has an unexpected influence on that cell's fate....

Scientists uncover combustion mechanism to better predict warming by wildfires

August 5, 2014 2:52 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Scientists have uncovered key attributes of so-called "brown carbon" from wildfires, airborne atmospheric particles that may have influenced current climate models that failed to take the material's warming effects into account. The work was described by a collaborative team of researchers....

New idea for hearing improvement in patients with hearing aids under background noise

August 5, 2014 2:49 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Patients with implanted artificial cochlea often complain that they cannot recognize speech well in natural environments, especially if background of noise is present. Researchers think that a poor ability to localize sound in a complex auditory environment is responsible for the weak speech perception....

When highest perceptual ability occurs in a day?

August 5, 2014 2:41 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Many previous chronobiological studies have reported on detection of circadian fluctuation in performing simple motor tasks, fine skilled movement, and anaerobic exercise. However, to the best of our knowledge, literature concerning variation of sensory function ...

Surprise discovery could see graphene used to improve health

August 5, 2014 1:48 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A chance discovery about the 'wonder material' graphene – already exciting scientists because of its potential uses in electronics, energy storage and energy generation – takes it a step closer to being used in medicine and human health. Researchers from Monash University ...

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LEDs made from 'wonder material' perovskite

August 5, 2014 1:46 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A hybrid form of perovskite - the same type of material which has recently been found to make highly efficient solar cells that could one day replace silicon - has been used to make low-cost, easily manufactured LEDs, potentially opening up a wide range of commercial applications....

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Carnegie Mellon photo editing tool enables object images to be manipulated in 3-D

August 5, 2014 1:43 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Editors of photos routinely resize objects, or move them up, down or sideways, but Carnegie Mellon University researchers are adding an extra dimension to photo editing by enabling editors to turn or flip objects any way they want, even exposing surfaces not visible in the original photograph....

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