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Wire inspection: As fast as a world-class sprinter

April 16, 2014 1:31 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The wire blank shoots from the drawing die which molds it into the desired shape. Up to ten meters per second, the workpiece is fast – and thus can keep pace with world-class runners like Usain Bolt. At these speeds, an in-line inspection – inspecting the workpiece during the production process...

Sensitive detection method may help impede illicit nuclear trafficking

April 16, 2014 1:26 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) the greatest danger to nuclear security comes from terrorists acquiring sufficient quantities of plutonium or highly enriched uranium (HEU) to construct a crude nuclear explosive device. The IAEA also notes that most cases of illicit nuclear trafficking...

Rethink education to fuel bioeconomy, says report

April 16, 2014 1:20 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Microbes can be highly efficient, versatile and sophisticated manufacturing tools, and have the potential to form the basis of a vibrant economic sector. In order to take full advantage of the opportunity microbial-based industry can offer, though, educators need to rethink how future microbiologists are trained....

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At Yale, progress in the fight against quantum dissipation

April 16, 2014 1:19 pm | by Yale UniversityYale University | Comments

Scientists at Yale have confirmed a 50-year-old, previously untested theoretical prediction in physics and improved the energy storage time of a quantum switch by several orders of magnitude. They report their results in the April 17 issue of the journal Nature.

UC research illuminates 'touchy' subject

April 16, 2014 1:18 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

By solving a long standing scientific mystery, the common saying "you just hit a nerve" might need to be updated to "you just hit a Merkel cell," jokes Jianguo Gu, PhD, a pain researcher at the University of Cincinnati (UC). That's because Gu and his research colleagues have proved that Merkel cells...

Conductive Inks: Booming to $2.8 billion by 2024

April 16, 2014 1:16 pm | by Dr Khasha Ghaffarzadeh, Head of Consulting, IDTechEx | Comments

The conductive ink and paste business is a large market that will generate $1.6 billion in 2014 in revenue at the ink/paste level. This market however is segmented, consisting of many emerging and mature markets. In the new report Conductive Ink Markets 2014-2024: Forecasts, Technologies, Players...

Odd tilts could make more worlds habitable

April 16, 2014 1:11 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Pivoting planets that lean one way and then change orientation within a short geological time period might be surprisingly habitable, according to new modeling by NASA and university scientists affiliated with the NASA Astrobiology Institute. The climate effects generated on these wobbling worlds could prevent them from turning into glacier-covered ice lockers....

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Researchers propose network-based evaluation tool to assess relief operations feasibility

April 16, 2014 1:03 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction reported that disasters have affected around 2.9 billion people worldwide from 2000-2012— killing more than a million, and damaging around 1.7 trillion US dollars in estimates. Moreover, natural disasters and their damages have been documented....

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Potential use of Google Glass in surgical settings

April 16, 2014 12:59 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

An article recently published in the International Journal of Surgery shows the potential applications for Google Glass in the surgical setting, particularly in relation to training. Personal portable information technology is advancing at a breathtaking speed. Google has recently introduced Glass....

At the origin of cell division

April 16, 2014 12:55 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Droplets of filamentous material enclosed in a lipid membrane: these are the models of a "simplified" cell used by the SISSA physicists Luca Giomi and Antonio DeSimone, who simulated the spontaneous emergence of cell motility and division - that is, features of living material - in inanimate "objects"....

Environmentally compatible organic solar cells

April 16, 2014 12:44 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Environmentally compatible production methods for organic solar cells from novel materials are in the focus of "MatHero". The new project coordinated by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) aims at making organic photovoltaics competitive to their inorganic counterparts....

Floating nuclear plants could ride out tsunamis

April 16, 2014 11:10 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

When an earthquake and tsunami struck the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant complex in 2011, neither the quake nor the inundation caused the ensuing contamination. Rather, it was the aftereffects — specifically, the lack of cooling for the reactor cores, due to a shutdown of all power at the station....

Scientists achieve first direct observations of excitons in motion

April 16, 2014 11:08 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A quasiparticle called an exciton — responsible for the transfer of energy within devices such as solar cells, LEDs, and semiconductor circuits — has been understood theoretically for decades. But exciton movement within materials has never been directly observed....

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Global scientific team 'visualizes' a new crystallization process

April 16, 2014 11:06 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Sometimes engineers invent something before they fully comprehend why it works. To understand the "why," they must often create new tools and techniques in a virtuous cycle that improves the original invention while also advancing basic scientific knowledge....

Wireless industry makes anti-theft commitment

April 16, 2014 10:58 am | by TERRY COLLINS, Associated Press | Comments

A trade group for wireless providers said Tuesday that that nation's biggest mobile device manufacturers and carriers will soon put anti-theft tools on the gadgets to try to deter rampant smartphone theft. CTIA-The Wireless Association announced that under a "Smartphone Anti-Theft Voluntary Commitment"....

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