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Climate meeting to discuss future of fossil fuels

April 7, 2014 4:42 pm | by FRANK JORDANS, Associated Press | Comments

After concluding that global warming almost certainly is man-made and poses a grave threat to humanity, the U.N.-sponsored expert panel on climate change is moving on to the next phase: what to do about it. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC, will meet next week....

Watching for a black hole to gobble up a gas cloud

April 7, 2014 4:30 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Right now a doomed gas cloud is edging ever closer to the supermassive black hole at the center of our Milky Way galaxy. These black holes feed on gas and dust all the time, but astronomers rarely get to see mealtime in action. Northwestern University's Daryl Haggard has been closely watching the little cloud....

Iowa State scientist developing materials, electronics that dissolve when triggered

April 7, 2014 4:27 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A medical device, once its job is done, could harmlessly melt away inside a person's body. Or, a military device could collect and send its data and then dissolve away, leaving no trace of an intelligence mission. Or, an environmental sensor could collect climate information, then wash away in the rain....

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To bridge LEDs' green gap, scientists think small ... really small

April 7, 2014 4:19 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Nanostructures half the breadth of a DNA strand could improve the efficiency of light emitting diodes (LEDs), especially in the "green gap," a portion of the spectrum where LED efficiency plunges, simulations at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) have shown....

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Identify strategies for cultivating microalgae more efficiently to produce biodiesel

April 7, 2014 4:16 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development, Neiker-Tecnalia, the public body that reports to the Sub-ministry for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Policy of the Government of the Basque Autonomous Community, has coordinated a research project to cultivate microalgae....

New algorithm aids in both robot navigation and scene understanding

April 7, 2014 4:12 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Suppose you're trying to navigate an unfamiliar section of a big city, and you're using a particular cluster of skyscrapers as a reference point. Traffic and one-way streets force you to take some odd turns, and for a while you lose sight of your landmarks....

Helium ions may provide superior, better-targeted treatment in pediatric radiotherapy

April 7, 2014 4:10 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

For the first time, researchers have been able to demonstrate that the use of helium ions in radiation therapy could provide accurate treatment to tumours while helping to spare healthy organs. A treatment planning study to be presented at the ESTRO 33 congress today....

Self-assembled superlattices create molecular machines with 'hinges' and 'gears'

April 7, 2014 4:02 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A combined computational and experimental study of self-assembled silver-based structures known as superlattices has revealed an unusual and unexpected behavior: arrays of gear-like molecular-scale machines that rotate in unison when pressure is applied to them....

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Groundbreaking optical device could enhance optical information processing, computers

April 7, 2014 3:59 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

At St. Paul's Cathedral in London, a section of the dome called the Whispering Gallery makes a whisper audible from the other side of the dome as a result of the way sound waves travel around the curved surface. Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have used the same phenomenon....

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Movies synchronize brains

April 7, 2014 3:56 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

When we watch a movie, our brains react to it immediately in a way similar to brains of other people. Researchers at Aalto University in Finland have succeeded in developing a method fast enough to observe immediate changes in the function of the brain even when watching a movie....

Hi-tech innovation gauges science learning in preschoolers

April 7, 2014 3:52 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Researchers are blending technology with nature, as they present details on an iPad application to examine how young children are learning science skills in nature-themed outdoor play settings. Alan Wight, a doctoral candidate in the University of Cincinnati School of Education...

Twitter use linked to infidelity and divorce, MU study finds

April 7, 2014 3:49 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Twitter and other social networking services have revolutionized the way people create and maintain relationships. However, new research shows that Twitter use could actually be damaging to users' romantic relationships. Russell Clayton, a doctoral student in the University of Missouri School of Journalism...

Renewable energy market share climbs despite 2013 dip in investments

April 7, 2014 1:39 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Renewable energy's share of world electricity generation continued its steady climb last year despite a 14 per cent drop in investments to US$214.4 billion, according to a new report released today. According to Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2014....

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Organic solar cells more efficient with molecules face-to-face

April 7, 2014 1:36 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

New research from North Carolina State University and UNC-Chapel Hill reveals that energy is transferred more efficiently inside of complex, three-dimensional organic solar cells when the donor molecules align face-on, rather than edge-on, relative to the acceptor....

Liverpool to develop sensors for Fukushima monitoring

April 7, 2014 1:33 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Research at the University of Liverpool is developing new sensors for that will help the recovery and regeneration of the post-disaster Fukushima region and pave the way for improved monitoring and control of radioactivity at nuclear sites worldwide....

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