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New frontier in error-correcting codes

October 1, 2014 5:04 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Error-correcting codes are one of the glories of the information age: They're what guarantee the flawless transmission of digital information over the airwaves or through copper wire, even in the presence of the corrupting influences that engineers call "noise"....

Solving the mystery of the 'man in the moon'

October 1, 2014 5:01 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

New data obtained by NASA's GRAIL mission reveals that the Procellarum region on the near side of the moon — a giant basin often referred to as the "man in the moon" — likely arose not from a massive asteroid strike, but from a large plume....

App teaches kindergartners basic computer coding

October 1, 2014 4:41 pm | by RODRIQUE NGOWI, Associated Press | Comments

This computer programming app is so easy to use that even a kindergartener can do it. Researchers in Massachusetts have created a basic computer coding app that they say is the first designed specifically for children as young as 5....

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Novel porous silicon microfabrication technique increases sensing ability

October 1, 2014 4:35 pm | by Georgia Institute of Technology | Comments

Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have developed a novel method for improving silicon-based sensors used to detect biochemicals and other molecules in liquids. The simplified approach produces micro-scale optical detection devices....

Windows 10 tries blending new with familiar

September 30, 2014 7:29 pm | by Brandon Bailey - AP Technology Writer - Associated Press | Comments

Microsoft is trying to soften an unpopular redesign of Windows by reviving features from older versions while still attempting to nudge desktop users into a world of touch screens and mobile devices. The company on Tuesday gave an early preview of the new Windows 10 software, which it aims to...

Ultrafast remote switching of light emission

September 30, 2014 4:29 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The researchers etched a photonic crystal around several quantum dots in a semiconductor layer. Quantum dots are small structures that spontaneously emit light as a consequence of atomic processes. If a short laser pulse is fired at the photonic....

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'Virtual breast' could improve cancer detection

September 30, 2014 4:26 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Next to lung cancer, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women, according to the American Cancer Society. That's why so many medical professionals encourage women to get mammograms, even though the tests are imperfect....

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Scientists make droplets move on their own

September 30, 2014 3:45 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Droplets are simple spheres of fluid, not normally considered capable of doing anything on their own. But now researchers have made droplets of alcohol move through water. In the future, such moving droplets may deliver medicines, etc....

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A safer approach for diagnostic medical imaging

September 30, 2014 3:44 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Medical imaging is at the forefront of diagnostics today, with imaging techniques like MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), CT (computerized tomography), scanning, and NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) increasing steeply over the last two decades....

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Modeling shockwaves through the brain

September 30, 2014 3:40 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Since the start of the military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, more than 300,000 soldiers have returned to the United States with traumatic brain injury caused by exposure to bomb blasts — and in particular, exposure to improvised explosive....

Nitrogen fingerprint in biomolecules could be from early sun

September 30, 2014 3:28 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Chemical fingerprints of the element nitrogen vary by extremes in materials from the molecules of life to the solar wind to interstellar dust. Ideas for how this great variety came about have included alien molecules shuttled in by icy comets....

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Simulations reveal an unusual death for ancient stars

September 30, 2014 3:22 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Certain primordial stars—those 55,000 and 56,000 times the mass of our Sun, or solar masses—may have died unusually. In death, these objects—among the Universe's first-generation of stars—would have exploded as supernovae and burned....

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Blades of grass inspire advance in organic solar cells

September 30, 2014 3:11 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Using a bio-mimicking analog of one of nature's most efficient light-harvesting structures, blades of grass, an international research team led by Alejandro Briseno of the University of Massachusetts Amherst has taken a major step in developing....

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NIH taps lab to develop sophisticated electrode array system to monitor brain act

September 30, 2014 2:56 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) awarded Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) a grant today to develop an electrode array system that will enable researchers to better understand how the brain works through unprecedented....

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'Green' technology developed at Louisiana Tech University earns company LA StartUp Prize

September 30, 2014 2:48 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Alchemy Geopolymer Solutions (AGS), an innovative concrete technology company that emerged from geopolymer research conducted at Louisiana Tech University, has won the inaugural LA StartUp Prize. Presented as "the most amazing entrepreneurial....

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