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'Molecular movies' will enable extraordinary gains in bioimaging, health research

July 1, 2014 1:45 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Researchers today announced the creation of an imaging technology more powerful than anything that has existed before, and is fast enough to observe life processes as they actually happen at the molecular level. Chemical and biological actions can now be measured as they are occurring or, in old-fashioned movie parlance, one frame at a time....

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Using geometry, researchers coax human embryonic stem cells to organize themselves

July 1, 2014 1:42 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

About seven days after conception, something remarkable occurs in the clump of cells that will eventually become a new human being. They start to specialize. They take on characteristics that begin to hint at their ultimate fate as part of the skin, brain, muscle or any of the roughly 200 cell types that exist in people....

Study helps unlock mystery of high-temp superconductors

July 1, 2014 1:40 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A Binghamton University physicist and his colleagues say they have unlocked one key mystery surrounding high-temperature superconductivity. Their research, published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found a remarkable phenomenon in copper-oxide (cuprate) high-temperature superconductors....

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Scientists discover how plastic solar panels work

July 1, 2014 1:36 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Scientists don't fully understand how 'plastic' solar panels work, which complicates the improvement of their cost efficiency, thereby blocking the wider use of the technology. However, researchers at the University of Montreal, the Science and Technology Facilities Council, Imperial College London ...

A new method to detect infrared energy using a nanoporous ZnO/n-Si photodetector

July 1, 2014 1:33 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Experiments aimed at devising new types of photodetectors have been triggered by the increasing use of optoelectronic devices in personal electronics, cameras, medical equipment, computers and by the military. Professor Zhao Kun and co-researchers at the State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resource and Prospecting ...

Up in flames: Evidence confirms combustion theory

July 1, 2014 1:28 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (Berkeley Lab) and the University of Hawaii have uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and other carbon-based compounds....

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Finland to lead the way in developing the storage of solar and wind energy

July 1, 2014 1:25 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has joined forces with Lappeenranta University of Technology and the Finland Futures Research Centre at the University of Turku in the launch of an extensive development project for a brand new energy system and its associated business sector in Finland....

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Muscle-powered bio-bots walk on command

July 1, 2014 1:22 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Engineers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign demonstrated a class of walking "bio-bots" powered by muscle cells and controlled with electrical pulses, giving researchers unprecedented command over their function. The group published its work in the online early edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Science....

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New Wayne State research to improve energy efficiency and lessen environmental pollutants

July 1, 2014 1:19 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A Wayne State University professor has been awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award, the agency's most prestigious award for up-and-coming researchers in science and engineering. The five-year, nearly $406,000 grant was awarded to Eranda Nikolla, Ph.D....

Scientists engineer nanoparticles to prevent bone cancer, strengthen bones

July 1, 2014 1:12 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A research collaboration between Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) has utilized nanomedicine technologies to develop a drug-delivery system that can precisely target and attack cancer cells in the bone, as well as increase bone strength and volume to prevent bone cancer progression....

Waste heat could be new source of clean energy

July 1, 2014 12:52 pm | by University of Illinois | Comments

About two-thirds of all the energy we use in computers, in cars, in making products such as steel—is lost as heat. That energy does not do anything useful, and yet we are paying for it all the same. MechSE Assistant Professor Sanjiv Sinha, with the help of...

Nanotechnology for a sustainable future, new book offers insights

July 1, 2014 12:50 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Nanotechnology offers solutions to pressing global issues, but they also have the potential to lead to unexpected risks and unintended consequences. A newly released book, Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety: Risk, Regulation and Management, offers insights into how these new technologies may be applied....

Stanford engineers envision an electronic switch just 3 atoms thick

July 1, 2014 12:47 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Do not fold, spindle or mutilate. Those instructions were once printed on punch cards that fed data to mainframe computers. Today's smart phones process more data, but they still weren't built for being shoved into back pockets. In the quest to build gadgets that can survive such abuse, engineers have been testing electronic systems....

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Photobomb elimination: An innovative approach for image-completion software

July 1, 2014 12:16 pm | by University of Illinois | Comments

With image-editing software like Adobe Photoshop, adding a missing face into a group photo is rather simple. Removals, however—perhaps omitting a photobomber from the same image—are much less straightforward. Content must be created; a gap must be filled....

Photos of the Day: NASA’s ISSpresso machine weighs 44 lbs.

July 1, 2014 10:18 am | by Associated Press | Comments

Certified for safety and approved by NASA, ISSpresso initially will fly with 20 coffee capsules. Extra packets will follow for the six-member crew, if the trial run goes well. The 44-pound machine — a compact 14 inches by 17 inches — will be housed ...

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