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Toothpaste fluorine formed in stars

August 21, 2014 10:06 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The fluorine that is found in products such as toothpaste was likely formed billions of years ago in now dead stars of the same type as our sun. This has been shown by astronomers at Lund University in Sweden, together with colleagues from Ireland and the USA....

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Electric sparks may alter evolution of lunar soil

August 21, 2014 10:04 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The moon appears to be a tranquil place, but modeling done by University of New Hampshire and NASA scientists suggests that, over the eons, periodic storms of solar energetic particles may have significantly altered the properties of the soil in the moon's coldest craters through the process of sparking—a finding that could change our understanding of the evolution of planetary surfaces in the solar system....

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$14.5 million grant awarded to continue anthrax studies

August 21, 2014 9:59 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The National Institutes of Health has awarded the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation a five-year, $14.5 million grant to continue its research on anthrax and the bacteria's effects on humans. For 10 years, OMRF scientist Mark Coggeshall, Ph.D., and his colleagues have studied the human immune response to anthrax bacteria as part of NIH's Cooperative Centers for Human Immunology....

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Beaver complex and July complex wildfires in California

August 21, 2014 9:53 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The Beaver Complex is comprised of the Salt Creek Fire (20 miles northwest of Medford) and the Oregon Gulch Fire (15 miles east of Ashland), lightning-started fires that started on July 30-31, 2014. After it was first discovered on July 31, the Oregon Gulch Fire rapidly moved southeast from the Cascade Siskiyou National Monument into the Soda Mountain Wilderness Area....

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UH professor named fellow by International Astrobiology Society

August 21, 2014 9:36 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

George E. Fox, a John and Rebecca Moores Professor of Biology and Biochemistry at the University of Houston (UH), was named a fellow in the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life (ISSOL). Fox is one of four members – two from the U.S., one from France and one from Spain – chosen as fellows in 2014. Fellows are elected every three years, and 36 have been named since 1980....

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New feeding tube connectors will improve patient safety

August 21, 2014 9:31 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

New feeding tube connectors, designed by an international standards process, will be available soon and will improve patient safety. According to an invited review published in the OnlineFirst version of Nutrition in Clinical Practice (NCP), the official journal of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.), the new connectors will greatly reduce the occurrence of misconnection that can be harmful....

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Maturing brain flips function of amygdala in regulating stress hormones

August 21, 2014 9:24 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

In contrast to evidence that the amygdala stimulates stress responses in adults, researchers at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University have found that the amygdala has an inhibitory effect on stress hormones during the early development of nonhuman primates....

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Many solve civil justice problems on their own, rarely involving attorneys, says study

August 21, 2014 9:21 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Many of life's problems are also civil legal problems, but people don't see them that way. As a result, they often deal with them on their own, and rarely involve lawyers or courts, or even other third parties, according to a recent study. They rarely say that concern about the cost of legal help is a factor, contrary to common assumptions....

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Seeing a molecule breathe

August 21, 2014 9:14 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

For the first time, chemists have succeeded in measuring vibrational motion of a single molecule with a femtosecond time resolution. The study reveals how vibration of a single molecule differs from the behaviour of larger molecular groups....

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Water and sunlight the formula for sustainable fuel

August 21, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

An Australian National University (ANU) team has successfully replicated one of the crucial steps in photosynthesis, opening the way for biological systems powered by sunlight which could manufacture hydrogen as a fuel. "Water is abundant and so is sunlight. It is an exciting prospect to use them to create hydrogen, and do it cheaply and safely," said Dr Kastoori Hingorani....

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Salt, pink diamonds and DNA: 5 surprising facts about crystals (video)

August 21, 2014 9:04 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Many people think of crystals as little more than sparkly things behind glass cases in museums. But crystals are everywhere, from the dinner table to the human body. Because 2014 is the International Year of Crystallography, Reactions is celebrating with a video highlighting five surprising facts about crystals. The video is available at: http://youtu.be/urq8SuPMZ_w....

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Satellite eyes a big influence on Tropical Storm Karina

August 21, 2014 9:00 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

NOAA's Central Pacific Hurricane Center noted that Tropical Storm Karina's next move is based on its interaction with Tropical Storm Lowell. Lowell is positioned to the east of Tropical Storm Karina in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Karina is still well over 1,000 miles away from Hawaii and has become almost stationary as the mammoth Tropical Storm Lowell creeps closer to it....

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High school students discover stars at SMU research program

August 21, 2014 8:52 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Two Dallas high school students discovered five stars as members of a Southern Methodist University summer physics research program that enabled them to analyze data gleaned from a high-powered telescope in the New Mexico desert. All five stars discovered by Lake Highlands High School seniors Dominik Fritz and Jason Barton are eclipsing contact binary stars....

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Ozone-depleting compound persists, NASA research shows

August 21, 2014 8:48 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

NASA research shows Earth's atmosphere contains an unexpectedly large amount of an ozone-depleting compound from an unknown source decades after the compound was banned worldwide. Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), which was once used in applications such as dry cleaning and as a fire-extinguishing agent, was regulated in 1987 under the Montreal Protocol along with other chlorofluorocarbons that destroy ozone and contribute to....

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Pica in pregnant teens linked to low iron

August 21, 2014 8:44 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

In a study of 158 pregnant teenagers in Rochester, NY, nearly half engaged in pica – the craving and intentional consumption of ice, cornstarch, vacuum dust, baby powder and soap, and other nonfood items, reports a new Cornell study. Moreover, such teens had significantly lower iron levels as compared with teens who did not eat nonfood substances....

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