My last post talked a bit about panelization, in general. Today, I'm taking a look at V-Score panelization. V-score is created by running a V-shaped blade across the top and bottom of the panel without cutting all the way through. The board in the mini-image of my prior post is V-scored. Top left, on this page, is a close up of the V-scoring.
You'll note that it's all straight lines. V-score can only separate rectangular panelized boards. For curves, you'll need to use a different technique.
The next image down, on the left, shows an edge-on view of the V-score. You can clearly see what I mean by "without cutting all the way through." The cut leaves enough material to hold the boards solidly together during processing, but easy to separate.
The next image, here on the right, shows a board edge after de-panelization. Note that it's not a smooth, flat edge.
In contrast, the next image down, on the right, shows a flat milled edge. Generally, though, you can't visually tell the difference without close examination. You can, however, feel it if you run your finger lightly along the edge. Just be careful to not get slivers.
Next time, I'll examine tab-routing, which will allow for non-rectangular shapes.