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Ultra-short X-ray pulses explore the nano world

November 24, 2014 4:30 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

X-ray flashes are a unique scientific tool. They are generated by accelerating electrons to very high energy levels in kilometer-long vacuum tubes, so-called linear accelerators, and then deflecting them with specially arranged magnets. In the ...

Online cybersecurity training for communities

November 24, 2014 4:20 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Municipal governments across the nation use computer systems in almost every facet of their day-to-day operations. Communications to emergency responders are dependent on intact communication channels. Essential service providers such ...

Automakers aim to drive away car computer hackers

November 24, 2014 3:37 pm | by JUSTIN PRITCHARD, Associated Press | Comments

Against the team of hackers, the poor car stood no chance. Meticulously overwhelming its computer networks, the hackers showed that — given time — they would be able to pop the trunk and start the windshield wipers, cut the brakes, or lock ...

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Quantum mechanical calculations reveal the hidden states of enzyme active sites

November 24, 2014 3:32 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Enzymes carry out fundamental biological processes such as photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation and respiration, with the help of clusters of metal atoms as "active" sites. But scientists lack basic information about their function because the states thought ...

Imagination, reality flow in opposite directions in the brain

November 24, 2014 3:15 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

As real as that daydream may seem, its path through your brain runs opposite reality. Aiming to discern discrete neural circuits, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have tracked electrical activity in the brains of people who alternately ...

Industry collaboration points to improved nanomaterials

November 24, 2014 3:10 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A potential path to identify imperfections and improve the quality of nanomaterials for use in next-generation solar cells has emerged from a collaboration of University of Oregon and industry researchers. To increase light-harvesting efficiency of ...

Deep-earth carbon offers clues on origin of life on Earth

November 24, 2014 3:06 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

New findings by a Johns Hopkins University-led team reveal long unknown details about carbon deep beneath the Earth's surface and suggest ways this subterranean carbon might have influenced the history of life on the planet. The team also ...

Testing virtual reality in balance dysfunction after TBI

November 24, 2014 3:00 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Kessler Foundation is the recipient of a four-year grant for nearly $3 million from the Defense Medical Research and Development Program (DMRDP) Department of Defense (DOD) titled, "Improving Balance in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Using a ...

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Sexual Violence Resources, Support Continue to Grow

November 24, 2014 2:57 pm | by Georgia Institute of Technology | Comments

November 24, 2014 Atlanta, GA As sexual assault on college campuses continues to be in the national spotlight, Georgia Tech is working to enhance survivor support programs, campus resources, and prevention initiatives to make Tech a safer place for all students.

Researching the physics of cooling liquid metals on the ISS

November 24, 2014 2:36 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Sure, it's easy to say that research in microgravity is cool, but the European Space Agency's (ESA) new electromagnetic levitator brings new meaning to the word. A new ESA facility aboard the International Space Station will serve as a furnace capable ...

Discovery sheds light on nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event

November 24, 2014 12:39 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents. Using the Advanced Photon Source (APS), a Department of Energy (DOE) Office ...

A coating that protects against heat and oxidation

November 24, 2014 12:36 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Gases don't conduct heat as well as solids do. Cellular or aerated concretes take advantage of this effect, which experts call "gas-phase insulation". The heat barrier is achieved by air encased in the cavities of the concrete. But gas-phase insulation has ...

Novel robotic walker helps patients regain natural gait

November 24, 2014 12:30 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Survivors of stroke or other neurological conditions such as spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain injuries and Parkinson's disease often struggle with mobility. To regain their motor functions, these patients are required to undergo physical therapy ...

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Researchers get $1.25 million to advance carbon storage

November 24, 2014 12:26 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Clemson University researchers and their partners at Georgia Institute of Technology, UNAVCO and Grand Resources Inc. received a $1.25 million award from the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop technology that will significantly improve the ...

New terahertz device could strengthen security

November 24, 2014 12:22 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

We are all familiar with the hassles that accompany air travel. We shuffle through long lines, remove our shoes, and carry liquids in regulation-sized tubes. And even after all the effort, we still wonder if these procedures are making us any safer. Now ...

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