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Noise produces volcanic seismicity, akin to a drumbeat

May 12, 2015 8:27 am | by Springer | Comments

Volcanoes are considered chaotic systems. They are difficult to model because the geophysical and chemical parameters in volcanic eruptions exhibit high levels of uncertainty. Now, Dmitri V. Alexandrov and colleagues from the Ural Federal University in Ekaterinburg ...

Space technology identifies vulnerable regions in West Africa

May 11, 2015 4:41 pm | by University of Leicester | Comments

A group of international researchers led by the Centre for Landscape and Climate Research at the University of Leicester have used space satellite technology to identify regions of West Africa which are vulnerable to the effects of land degradation through climate change.

A climate signal in the global distribution of copper deposits

May 11, 2015 4:24 pm | by University of Michigan | Comments

Climate helps drive the erosion process that exposes economically valuable copper deposits and shapes the pattern of their global distribution, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Idaho and the University of Michigan.

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US-CERN agreement paves way for new era of scientific discovery

May 11, 2015 3:21 pm | by National Science Foundation | Comments

A new agreement between the United States and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) signed today will pave the way for renewed collaboration in particle physics, promising to yield new insights into fundamental particles and the nature of ...

Measurement of a single nuclear spin in biological samples

May 11, 2015 2:07 pm | by University of Basel | Comments

Physicists of the University of Basel and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute were able to show for the first time that the nuclear spins of single molecules can be detected with the help of magnetic particles at room temperature. In Nature Nanotechnology ...

Robot pets to rise in an overpopulated world

May 11, 2015 2:03 pm | by University of Melbourne | Comments

University of Melbourne animal welfare researcher Dr Jean-Loup Rault says the prospect of robopets and virtual pets is not as far-fetched as we may think. His paper in the latest edition of Frontiers in Veterinary Science argues pets will soon ...

NSF funds a unique program to train graduate STEM students

May 11, 2015 1:48 pm | by Penn State | Comments

A curriculum in density-functional theory (DFT) for graduate students in STEM fields is the goal of a National Science Foundation grant of nearly $3 million over five years awarded to a team of Penn State faculty. DFT is a powerful quantum theory developed by ...

Computer simulation accurately replicated real-life trauma outcomes

May 11, 2015 1:45 pm | by University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences | Comments

A computer simulation, or "in silico" model, of the body's inflammatory response to traumatic injury accurately replicated known individual outcomes and predicted population results counter to expectations, according to a study recently published in ...

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UNH scientists show 'breaking waves' perturb Earth's magnetic field

May 11, 2015 1:42 pm | by University of New Hampshire | Comments

The underlying physical process that creates striking "breaking wave" cloud patterns in our atmosphere also frequently opens the gates to high-energy solar wind plasma that perturbs Earth's magnetic field, or magnetosphere, which protects us from cosmic radiation....

Mirror, mirror on the wall: Smart mirrors boost sales

May 11, 2015 1:39 pm | by ANNE D'INNOCENZIO, AP Retail Writer | Comments

Imagine a fitting room with a "smart" mirror that suggests jeans to go with the red shirt you brought in. It snaps a video so you can compare the image side-by-side with other colorful shirts you try on. It might even show you how ...

Separating rare earth metals with UV light

May 11, 2015 10:11 am | by KU Leuven | Comments

Researchers from the KU Leuven Department of Chemical Engineering have discovered a method to separate two rare earth elements - europium and yttrium - with UV light instead of with traditional solvents. Their findings ...

Electronic security tag for protecting valuable shipments

May 11, 2015 10:07 am | by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland | Comments

In collaboration with its EU project partners, VTT has developed an electronic security tag, which can used to protect valuable shipments and enhance product safety in the future. By using a security tag equipped with sensors, the sender and the recipient can ensure ...

Electrons corralled using new quantum tool

May 8, 2015 2:21 pm | by Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Comments

Researchers have succeeded in creating a new "whispering gallery" effect for electrons in a sheet of graphene -- making it possible to precisely control a region that reflects electrons within the material. They say the accomplishment could provide a basic ...

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UW researchers hack a teleoperated surgical robot to reveal security flaws

May 8, 2015 2:05 pm | by University of Washington | Comments

To make cars as safe as possible, we crash them into walls to pinpoint weaknesses and better protect the people who use them. That's the idea behind a series of experiments conducted by a University of Washington engineering team who hacked a ...

Penn and UC Merced researchers match physical and virtual atomic friction experiments

May 8, 2015 1:46 pm | by University of Pennsylvania | Comments

Technological limitations have made studying friction on the atomic scale difficult, but researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of California, Merced, have now made advances in that quest on two fronts.

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