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Researchers led by Stanford engineer figure out how to make more efficient fuel cells

July 9, 2014 11:34 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Solar power and other sources of renewable energy can help combat global warming but they have a drawback: they don't produce energy as predictably as plants powered by oil, coal or natural gas. Solar panels only produce electricity when the sun is shining, and wind turbines are only productive when the wind is brisk....

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Neuroprotective effects of low concentration of lithium

July 9, 2014 11:19 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Lithium, as a neuroprotective agent, benefits for neuronal survival. Recent cDNA array studies have demonstrated that mood stabilizer lithium exhibits neuroprotective effects through multiple targets. Dr. Riadh Nciri and his team, Purpan Medicine Faculty, Paul Sabatier University, France, exposed SH-SY5Y cells to 0.5 mmol/L lithium carbonate for 25-50 weeks....

Short circuit in the food web

July 9, 2014 11:15 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

They are amongst the most numerous inhabitants of the sea: tiny haptophytes of the type Emiliania huxleyi. Not visible to the naked eye, when they are in bloom in spring, they form square kilometer sized patches, they are even visible on satellite images....

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DARPA selects Lawrence Livermore to develop world's first neural device to restore memory

July 9, 2014 11:08 am | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The Department of Defense's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) awarded Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) up to $2.5 million to develop an implantable neural device with the ability to record and stimulate neurons within the brain to help restore memory, DARPA officials announced this week....

Scientists criticize Europe's $1.6B brain project

July 9, 2014 11:05 am | by Associated Press | Comments

Dozens of neuroscientists are protesting Europe's $1.6 billion attempt to recreate the functioning of the human brain on supercomputers, fearing it will waste vast amounts of money and harm neuroscience in general. The 10-year Human Brain Project is largely funded by the European Union....

Virgin Galactic partners with New Mexico hotel

July 9, 2014 11:04 am | by JERI CLAUSING, Associated Press | Comments

Virgin Galactic appears to be getting closer to reaching its long-delayed goal of launching tourists into space. The company said Monday it has selected Hotel Encanto de Las Cruces as the preferred hotel for its elite roster of passengers, who will pay $200,000 a person to make the flights from Spaceport America....

Bay Area governments make big electric-vehicle buy

July 9, 2014 11:02 am | by Associated Press | Comments

A group of San Francisco Bay Area cities, counties and water agencies has joined forces for what is being billed as one of the largest single government purchases of all-electric vehicles in the country. The six cities, two counties and two water agencies have united to buy 90 electric vehicles with the help of a $2.8 million grant....

Judge says ocean sound blasts need not be halted

July 9, 2014 11:01 am | by GEOFF MULVIHILL, Associated Press | Comments

Scientific research that involves blasting the ocean floor with sound waves can go ahead despite an effort by Gov. Chris Christie's administration to halt it, a judge ruled Tuesday. The project, years in the making, emerged suddenly last week as a major public issue in New Jersey....

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Soldiers test changes to Army's mobile network that make it easier to use

July 9, 2014 10:20 am | by U.S. Army | Comments

Covering over 1,250 miles a day in scorching desert heat, Soldiers successfully completed the second of two rigorous developmental tests to evaluate improvements to the Army's high capacity, mobile tactical communications network backbone, Warfighter Information Network-Tactical Increment 2....

New supercomputer accelerates pace of health research across North of England

July 9, 2014 6:16 am | by The University of Manchester | Comments

The Health eResearch Centre (HeRC), a research partnership led by The University of Manchester, has advanced Northern England’s computing power by financing a new computer system that can analyse bigger and more complex sets of information than was previously possible....

Federal research spurs Washington state to store energy

July 8, 2014 6:15 pm | by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory | Comments

Three Washington state utilities have been awarded $14.3 million in matching grants from the state's new Clean Energy Fund to lead energy storage projects with ties to federally funded research at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory....

Better visualizing of fitness-app data helps discover trends, reach goals

July 8, 2014 3:21 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Smartphone apps can track where we eat our meals, when we commute to and from work and how many minutes we exercise each day. Ten thousand steps today? Check. More people are opting to use their phones as "life-logging" devices, but is the data they collect actually useful?

Supermassive black hole blows molecular gas out of galaxy at 1 million kilometers per hour

July 8, 2014 3:14 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

New research by academics at the University of Sheffield has solved a long-standing mystery surrounding the evolution of galaxies, deepening our understanding of the future of the Milky Way. The supermassive black holes in the cores of some galaxies drive massive outflows of molecular hydrogen gas....

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Record levels of solar ultraviolet measured in South America

July 8, 2014 3:07 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A team of researchers in the U.S. and Germany has measured the highest level of ultraviolet radiation ever recorded on the Earth's surface. The extraordinary UV fluxes, observed in the Bolivian Andes only 1,500 miles from the equator, are far above those normally considered to be harmful to both terrestrial and aquatic life....

Solar energy gets a boost

July 8, 2014 3:04 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

A perspective article published last month by University of California, Riverside chemists in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters was selected as an Editors Choice—an honor only a handful of research papers receive. The perspective reviews the chemists' work on "singlet fission," a process in which a single photon generates a pair of excited states....

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