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Microsoft CEO pivots sharply with 18,000 job cut

July 17, 2014 6:14 pm | by Ryan Nakashima - AP Business Writer - Associated Press | Comments

Microsoft announced the biggest layoffs in its 39-year history Thursday, outlining plans to cut 18,000 jobs in a move that marked the CEO's sharpest pivot yet away from his predecessor's drive for the company to make its own devices. Although some cuts had been expected ever since Microsoft...

NASA Kicks Off Field Campaign to Probe Ocean Ecology, Carbon Cycle

July 17, 2014 2:16 pm | by NASA | Comments

NASA embarks this week on a coordinated ship and aircraft observation campaign off the Atlantic coast of the United States, an effort to advance space-based capabilities for monitoring microscopic plants that form the base of the marine food chain.

NASA Begins Engine Test Project for Space Launch System Rocket

July 17, 2014 2:16 pm | by NASA | Comments

Engineers have taken a crucial step in preparing to test parts of NASA's Space Launch System (SLS) rocket that will send humans to new destinations in the solar system. They installed on Thursday an RS-25 engine on the A-1 Test Stand at the agency's Stennis Space Center near Bay St. Louis,...

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First ab initio method for characterizing hot carriers

July 17, 2014 2:16 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed the first ab initio method – meaning a theoretical model free of adjustable or empirical parameters – for characterizing the properties of "hot carriers" in semiconductors. Hot carriers are electrical charge carriers - electrons and holes – with significantly higher energy than charge carriers at thermal equilibrium.

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Plasmon-enhanced Polarization-selective filter

July 17, 2014 1:54 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

As we all know, some optical devices can only work with a certain incident polarization direction. In this case, a polarizer is necessary to shift the polarization direction of linearly polarized light. A common polarizer is also called half-wave plate, which constructed out of a birefringent material (such as quartz or mica).

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No-wait data centers

July 17, 2014 1:34 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

At the annual conference of the ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communication, in August, MIT researchers will present a new network-management system that, in experiments, reduced the average queue length of routers in a Facebook data center by 99.6 percent — virtually doing away with queues.

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Carnegie Mellon combines hundreds of videos to reconstruct 3D motion without markers

July 17, 2014 1:23 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Carnegie Mellon University researchers have developed techniques for combining the views of 480 video cameras mounted in a two-story geodesic dome to perform large-scale 3D motion reconstruction, including volleyball games, the swirl of air currents and even a cascade of confetti.

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Top flight students put Le Mans race car to the test

July 17, 2014 12:17 pm | by The University of Manchester | Comments

A group of top aerospace engineering students from the University of Manchester’s School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering (MACE) had the chance to act as Formula 1 aerodynamicists for the day – and test a full-scale Le Mans LMP2 race car in a world-class wind tunnel.

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Microsoft to cut up to 18,000 jobs over next year

July 17, 2014 9:14 am | by The Associated Press | Comments

Microsoft says it will eliminate up to 18,000 jobs over the next year as it works on integrating the Nokia devices business it bought in April. With the Nokia deal, Microsoft's employee headcount rose from about 99,000 last year to 127,000 as of last month. Microsoft Corp. said Thursday that of...

Imaging Without Limits: Phones Lead Growth but Innovative Applications Expanding the Market

July 16, 2014 6:18 pm | by SEMI | Comments

GRENOBLE, France — 16 July 2014 — To address the rising demands of imaging systems in mobile, medical, automotive and other technology applications, the Imaging Without Limits Conference (7-8 October) will be introduced at SEMICON Europa 2014 this year to address this surging market....

An anti-glare, anti-reflective display for mobile devices?

July 16, 2014 6:10 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

If you've ever tried to watch a video on a tablet on a sunny day, you know you have to tilt it at just the right angle to get rid of glare or invest in a special filter. But now scientists are reporting in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces that they've developed a novel glass surface that reduces both glare and reflection

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Taking great ideas from the lab to the fab

July 16, 2014 5:30 pm | by EurekAlert! | Intel Corporation | Comments

A "valley of death" is well-known to entrepreneurs--the lull between government funding for research and industry support for prototypes and products. To confront this problem, in 2013 the National Science Foundation created a new program called InTrans to extend the life of the most high-impact NSF-funded research and help great ideas transition from lab to practice.

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NASA's Van Allen Probes show how to accelerate electrons

July 16, 2014 5:04 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

One of the great, unanswered questions for space weather scientists is just what creates two gigantic donuts of radiation surrounding Earth, called the Van Allen radiation belts. Recent data from the Van Allen Probes -- two nearly identical spacecraft that launched in 2012 -- address this question.

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Self-assembling nanoparticle could improve MRI scanning for cancer diagnosis

July 16, 2014 4:22 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

Scientists have designed a new self-assembling nanoparticle that targets tumours, to help doctors diagnose cancer earlier. The new nanoparticle, developed by researchers at Imperial College London, boosts the effectiveness of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanning by specifically seeking out receptors that are found in cancerous cells.

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NOAA's GOES-R satellite Magnetometer ready for spacecraft integration

July 16, 2014 4:06 pm | by EurekAlert! | Comments

The Magnetometer instrument that will fly on NOAA's GOES-R satellite when it is launched in early 2016 has completed the development and testing phase and is ready to be integrated with the spacecraft. The Magnetometer will monitor magnetic field variations around the Earth and...

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