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New CU-Boulder technique could slash energy used to produce many plastics

April 14, 2015 2:41 pm | by University of Colorado at Boulder | Comments

A new material developed at the University of Colorado Boulder could radically reduce the energy needed to produce a wide variety of plastic products, from grocery bags and cling wrap to replacement hips and bulletproof vests. Approximately 80 million metric tons of polyethylene ...

The app for frequent fliers and those who are radiation-conscious

April 14, 2015 2:38 pm | by Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) | Comments

Frequent fliers are now able to monitor their personal radiation exposure when flying using the TrackYourDose app. Behind the app lies intensive research work undertaken by the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). Since 1997 PTB has studied the ...

'Parachuting' boron on benzene rings

April 14, 2015 2:35 pm | by Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM), Nagoya University | Comments

Tuning the para position of benzene moieties is significant for creating biologically active compounds and optoelectronic materials. Yet, attaching a functional handle specifically at the para position of benzene has been challenging due to multiple reactive sites on ...

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Bury nuclear waste down a very deep hole, say UK scientists

April 14, 2015 2:30 pm | by University of Sheffield | Comments

Scientists at the University of Sheffield calculate that all of the UK's high level nuclear waste from spent fuel reprocessing could be disposed of in just six boreholes 5km deep, fitting within a site no larger than a football pitch. The concept - called deep borehole disposal ...

Interactivity tools can boost persuasiveness of websites

April 14, 2015 2:26 pm | by Penn State | Comments

Messages conveyed on websites may be more persuasive if theses websites are interactive, according to researchers. In a study, participants who visited an interactive antismoking website were more likely than controls to say that smoking was ...

Harvesting energy from electromagnetic waves

April 14, 2015 1:55 pm | by American Institute of Physics | Comments

For our modern, technologically-advanced society, in which technology has become the solution to a myriad of challenges, energy is critical not only for growth but also, more importantly, survival. The sun is an abundant and practically infinite source of energy, so researchers ...

Taking aircraft manufacturing out of the oven

April 14, 2015 1:46 pm | by Massachusetts Institute of Technology | Comments

Composite materials used in aircraft wings and fuselages are typically manufactured in large, industrial-sized ovens: Multiple polymer layers are blasted with temperatures up to 750 degrees Fahrenheit, and solidified to form a solid, resilient material. Using this ...

Graphene pushes the speed limit of light-to-electricity conversion

April 14, 2015 1:44 pm | by ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences | Comments

The efficient conversion of light into electricity plays a crucial role in many technologies, ranging from cameras to solar cells. It also forms an essential step in data communication applications, since it allows for information carried by light to be ...

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Study shows novel pattern of electrical charge movement through DNA

April 14, 2015 1:40 pm | by Arizona State University | Comments

Electrical charges not only move through wires, they also travel along lengths of DNA, the molecule of life. The property is known as charge transport. In a new study appearing in the journal Nature Chemistry, authors, Limin Xiang, Julio Palma ...

Assistant professor addresses philosophical questions of machines, research

April 14, 2015 1:36 pm | by Virginia Tech | Comments

Benjamin C. Jantzen, an assistant professor of philosophy in the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences at Virginia Tech, has won a 2015 National Science Foundation Faculty Early Development (CAREER) Award to study how to enable machines to ...

Search for advanced civilizations beyond Earth finds nothing obvious in 100,000 galaxies

April 14, 2015 1:33 pm | by Penn State | Comments

After searching 100,000 galaxies for signs of highly advanced extraterrestrial life, a team of scientists using observations from NASA's WISE orbiting observatory has found no evidence of advanced civilizations in them. "The idea behind our research is that, if an ...

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Comet lander's measurements weaken space magnetism theory

April 14, 2015 1:28 pm | by FRANK JORDANS, Associated Press | Comments

Whatever caused small space rocks to lump together billions of years ago, magnetism is unlikely to be the reason. Scientists said Tuesday that measurements made by the European space probe Philae, which landed on ...

This year's fight for the tech industry: Patent trolls

April 14, 2015 1:25 pm | by ANNE FLAHERTY, Associated Press | Comments

The same week that Alex Haro and Chris Hulls raised $50 million for their mobile app, Life360, the business partners got a letter. It said they had three days to pay licensing fees to a company they had never heard of because their app violated its patented technology....

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Executive warns future generation of women at risk of getting pushed out of STEM jobs

April 14, 2015 10:03 am | Comments

According to Verizon, technology skills will be required in 80% of all jobs in the next decade. (1) However, the chance for a future generation of women to occupy and excel in these positions is being impeded by social perceptions that STEM ...

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X-ray study images structural damage in lithium-ion batteries

April 14, 2015 9:40 am | by Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY | Comments

Charging lithium-ion batteries too quickly can permanently reduce the battery capacity. Portions of the energy storage structure are thereby destroyed and deactivated. These structural changes have been visualized for the first time by DESY researcher Dr Ulrike Bösenberg along with ...

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