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Misinformation diffusing online

July 31, 2014 11:15 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The spread of misinformation through online social networks is becoming an increasingly worrying problem. Researchers in India have now modeled how such fictions and diffuse through those networks. They described details of their research and the taxonomy that could help those who run, regulate and use online social networks better understand how to slow or even prevent the spread of misinformation to the wider public....

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The Rim Fire 1 year later: A natural experiment in fire ecology and management

July 31, 2014 11:09 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The enormous conflagration known as the Rim Fire was in full fury, raging swiftly from crown to crown among mature trees, when it entered the backcountry of Yosemite National Park in California's Sierra Nevada in late August 2013. But inside the park, the battle began to turn, enacting a case study in the way management decisions and drought can combine to fuel large, severe fires....

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NSF grant to Wayne State supports new concept for manufacturing nanoscale devices

July 31, 2014 11:06 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A professor from Wayne State University's College of Engineering recently received a $330,000 award from the National Science Foundation for the project, "Nanoparticle-directed synthesis of organic nanorods." According to the National Science Foundation, nanotechnology is the creation and utilization of functional materials, devices, and systems with novel properties and functions....

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Chemists demonstrate 'bricks-and-mortar' assembly of new molecular structures

July 31, 2014 11:02 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have described the self-assembly of large, symmetrical molecules in bricks-and-mortar fashion, a development with potential value for the field of organic electronic devices such as field-effect transistors and photovoltaic cells....

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Wireless connectivity semiconductors maintain strong double-digit growth in health and fitness

July 31, 2014 10:54 am | by IHS, Inc. | News | Comments

Semiconductors providing wireless connectivity in health and fitness devices are set for solid double-digit growth in 2014 and beyond, especially as a clutch of wireless technologies make their way into a growing number of wearable devices, according to a new report from IHS Technology. Shipments this year for wireless semiconductors in health and fitness will reach ...

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Singing the same tune: Scientists develop novel ways of separating birdsong sources

July 31, 2014 10:46 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have pioneered a new study that could greatly improve current methods of localising birdsong data. Their findings, which ascertain the validity of using statistical algorithms to detect multiple-source signals in real time and in three-dimensional space, are of especial significance to modern warfare....

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Vision-correcting electronic displays could let users dispense with glasses

July 31, 2014 10:36 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Researchers at the MIT Media Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley have developed a new display technology that automatically corrects for vision defects — no glasses (or contact lenses) required. The technique could lead to dashboard-mounted GPS displays that farsighted drivers can consult without putting their glasses on, or electronic readers that eliminate the need for reading glasses, among other applications....

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Charging electric cars efficiently inductive

July 31, 2014 10:32 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Cables are fast disappearing from our daily lives. The computer mouse has already lost its tail, our telephones and headphones have become wireless – even electric toothbrushes and cellphones don't need cables anymore. Information is transmitted wirelessly, and power needs can be met via an electromagnetic induction supply system....

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New apps smooth out your nighttime smartphone addiction

July 31, 2014 10:02 am | by A.J. Watts, Editorial Intern | News | Comments

My smartphone and I have built up a pretty special bond. I’m an Apple junkie, myself, but I understand why people love their “crackberries” – my iPhone almost feels like a part of me. That being said, a smartphone can also make it impossible to fall asleep sometimes....

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Birthweight and breastfeeding have implications for children's health decades later

July 31, 2014 9:43 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Young adults who were breastfed for three months or more as babies have a significantly lower risk of chronic inflammation associated with cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, according to research from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis....

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UK psychologist creates patient tool to assist with lung cancer screening decision

July 31, 2014 9:39 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

The phrase "we caught it early" is possibly the best news a patient can hear in the midst of a cancer diagnosis. Combating cancer in its earliest stages, when the disease is localized to a certain part of the body, gives patients the best chances of survival....

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Journal supplement details progress in African medical education

July 31, 2014 9:21 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Medical education in sub-Saharan Africa is being revitalized and expanded through a U.S.-funded effort that is dramatically increasing enrollment, broadening curricula, upgrading Internet access and providing cutting-edge skills labs and other technologies....

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Veterans' alcohol problems linked to stress on the home front

July 31, 2014 9:16 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Regardless of traumatic events experienced during deployment, returning National Guard soldiers were more likely to develop a drinking problem if faced with civilian life setbacks, including job loss, legal problems, divorce, and serious financial and legal problems — all commonplace in military families. Results of the study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health are published online....

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Monash researcher receives Antarctic science award

July 31, 2014 9:13 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

Monash University Professor Steven Chown has been awarded the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research's (SCAR) 2014 Medal for Excellence in Antarctic Research. SCAR, an inter-disciplinary international science body, initiates, develops and coordinates high quality international scientific research in the Antarctic region, and on the role of the Antarctic region in the Earth system....

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New scientific review: Current evidence suggests benefits of e-cigarettes outweigh harms

July 31, 2014 9:10 am | by EurekAlert! | News | Comments

A major scientific review of available research on the use, content, and safety of e-cigarettes has concluded that – although long-term health effects of e-cigarette use are unknown – compared with conventional cigarettes they are likely to be much less harmful to users or bystanders....

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